1 Developmental Milestones year One Directions: Use these handy charts to assess a child s Developmental progress. Be sure to observe the child for cues that he is achieving the Milestones appropriate for his age. Ask the caregiver questions related to the child s progress in achieving Milestones . But remember, children attain Milestones at different ages. These highlights are meant only as general guidelines. 0-3 Months Development Milestones Developmental Category Focuses on and follows moving objects, including human faces. Distinguishes hue and brightness of color, pitch and volume of sound, and discriminates between sweet, sour, bitter, and salty tastes.
2 Begins to anticipate events (for example, sucking at the sight of a nipple). Cognitive Responds to speech by looking at the speaker. Communicates hunger, fear, discomfort, and joy through crying, facial expressions, babbling, and laughing. Attempts to imitate sounds. Language Usually quiets down at the sound of a soothing voice or when held. Benefits from short, frequent interactions more than long, infrequent ones. Smiles and shows pleasure in response to social stimulation. Social Lifts head and chest when lying on his stomach.
3 Holds head up for a few seconds, when supported. Wiggles and kicks with arms and legs. Gross Motor Holds hands in a fist. Touches, pulls, and tugs own hands with fascination. Grasps small objects in hand like a rattle. Fine Motor Developmental Milestones year One 3-6 Months Development Milestones Developmental Category Recognizes faces and differentiates between different people based on the way they look, sound, or feel. Reacts to and imitates the facial expressions of others. Responds to familiar sounds. Cognitive Exchanges sounds, facial expressions, or gestures with a parent or caregiver.
4 Listens to conversations. Repeats some vowel and consonant sounds. Language Knows familiar faces. Smiles spontaneously and laughs aloud. Plays peek-a-boo. Begins to understand the concept of separation. Social Pulls up to a sitting position if there is something to hold on to such as the edge of a crib or someone s hands. Sits with only a little support. Rolls over. Bounces when held in a standing position. Gross Motor Reaches for and grasps objects. Plays with toes. Moves toy from one hand to another.
5 Fine Motor Developmental Milestones year One 6-12 Months Development Milestones Developmental Category Explores objects in many different ways (shaking, banging, throwing, dropping). Tries to accomplish simple goals (seeing and then crawling to a toy). Imitates gestures and actions during play. Looks for an object that was seen disappearing (such as a toy being covered by a blanket). Cognitive Begins repetitive babbling. Associates gestures with simple words and two-word phrases, like hi and bye-bye. Says a few words.
6 Understands simple commands such as no. Language Prefers mother and/or regular caregiver to all others and cries when he or she leaves Shows apprehension about strangers. Imitates people during play. Shows specific preferences for certain toys. Tests parental responses to his behavior. (For example; May cry to see if a caregiver will return to him after leaving the room.) Social Sits well without support. Crawls. Stands up by grasping furniture and takes steps by holding furniture or someone s hands. Gross Motor Uses first finger to poke or point.
7 Feeds himself finger foods like raisins and Cheerios. Begins to pick up small objects, like blocks, by using thumb and index or forefinger. Fine Motor Developmental Milestones year Two 12-18 Months Development Milestones Developmental Category Identifies an object in a picture book. Laughs at silly actions (as in wearing a bowl as a hat). Looks for objects that are out of sight. Puts a round lid on a round pot. Follows simple 1-step directions. Solves problems by trial and error. Cognitive Says 8-10 words you can understand. Looks at a person who is talking to him.
8 Uses "hi," "bye," and "please," with reminders. Asks for something by pointing or by using one word. Directs another's attention to an object or action. Acts out a familiar activity in play (as in pretending to take a bath). Language Plays alone on the floor with toys. Competes with other children for toys. Recognizes herself in the mirror or in pictures. Seems selfish at times. Becomes anxious when separated from parent(s). Seeks attention. Brings toys to share with parent. Protests when frustrated. Asks specifically for mother or father.
9 Social Likes to pull, push, and dump things. Carries a stuffed animal or doll. Walks without help. Runs stiffly, with eyes on the ground. Gross Motor Scribbles with crayons. Stacks 2 blocks. Pulls off hat, socks, and mittens. Turns pages in a book. Fine Motor Developmental Milestones year Two 18-24 Months Development Milestones Developmental Category Understands words and commands and responds appropriately. Likes to take things apart. Explores surroundings. Begins to match similar objects. Points to 5-6 parts of a doll when asked. Cognitive Has a vocabulary of several hundred words.
10 Uses 2-3 word sentences. Says names of toys. Asks for information about an object (asks, "Shoe?" while pointing to shoe box). Hums or tries to sing. Listens to short rhymes. Laughs at silly labeling of objects and events (as in calling a nose an ear). Enjoys looking at one book over and over. Points to eyes, ears, or nose when you ask. Language Likes to imitate parents. Sometimes get angry and has temper tantrums. Acts shy around strangers. Comforts a distressed friend or parent. Takes turns in play with other children. Treats a doll or stuffed animal as though it were alive.