1 The Praxis Study Companion Elementary education : Content Knowledge 5018. Welcome to the Praxis Study Companion Welcome to The Praxis Study Companion Prepare to Show What You Know You have been working to acquire the Knowledge and skills you need for your teaching career. Now you are ready to demonstrate your abilities by taking a Praxis test. Using the Praxis Study Companion is a smart way to prepare for the test so you can do your best on test day. This guide can help keep you on track and make the most efficient use of your Study time. The Study Companion contains practical information and helpful tools, including: An overview of the Praxis tests Specific information on the Praxis test you are taking A template Study plan Study topics Practice questions and explanations of correct answers Test-taking tips and strategies Frequently asked questions Links to more detailed information So where should you start?
2 Begin by reviewing this guide in its entirety and note those sections that you need to revisit. Then you can create your own personalized Study plan and schedule based on your individual needs and how much time you have before test day. Keep in mind that Study habits are individual. There are many different ways to successfully prepare for your test. Some people Study better on their own, while others prefer a group dynamic. You may have more energy early in the day, but another test taker may concentrate better in the evening. So use this guide to develop the approach that works best for you. Your teaching career begins with preparation. Good luck! Know What to Expect Which tests should I take? Each state or agency that uses the Praxis tests sets its own requirements for which test or tests you must take for the teaching area you wish to pursue.
3 Before you register for a test, confirm your state or agency's testing requirements at How are the Praxis tests given? Praxis tests are given on computer. Other formats are available for test takers approved for accommodations (see page 55). The Praxis Study Companion 2. Welcome to the Praxis Study Companion What should I expect when taking the test on computer? When taking the test on computer, you can expect to be asked to provide proper identification at the test center. Once admitted, you will be given the opportunity to learn how the computer interface works (how to answer questions, how to skip questions, how to go back to questions you skipped, etc.) before the testing time begins. Watch the What to Expect on Test Day video to see what the experience is like. Where and when are the Praxis tests offered? You can select the test center that is most convenient for you.
4 The Praxis tests are administered through an international network of test centers, which includes Prometric Testing Centers, some universities, and other locations throughout the world. Testing schedules may differ, so see the Praxis web site for more detailed test registration information at www. The Praxis Study Companion 3. Table of Contents Table of Contents The Praxis Study Companion guides you through the steps to success 1. Learn About Your Learn about the specific test you will be taking 2. F. amiliarize Yourself with Test 16. Become comfortable with the types of questions you'll find on the Praxis tests 3. Practice with Sample Test 20. Answer practice questions and find explanations for correct answers 4. Determine Your Strategy for 29. Set clear goals and deadlines so your test preparation is focused and efficient 5. Develop Your Study 32.
5 Develop a personalized Study plan and schedule 6. Review Study 36. Detailed Study topics with questions for discussion 7. Review Smart Tips for 53. Follow test-taking tips developed by experts 8. Check on Testing 55. See if you qualify for accommodations to take the Praxis test 9. Do Your Best on Test 56. Get ready for test day so you will be calm and confident 10. Understand Your 58. Understand how tests are scored and how to interpret your test scores Appendix: Other Questions You May Have .. 60. The Praxis Study Companion 4. Step 1: Learn About Your Test 1. Learn About Your Test Learn about the specific test you will be taking Elementary education : Content Knowledge (5018). Test at a Glance Test Name Elementary education : Content Knowledge Test Code 5018. Time 150 minutes Number of Questions 140. Format Selected-response and numeric-entry questions, scientific calculator provided Test Delivery Computer delivered Approximate Approximate Content Categories Number of Percentage of Questions Examination I.
6 Reading and Language Arts 49 35%. IV. I II. Mathematics 41 29%. III. Social Studies 25 18%. III. IV. Science 25 18%. II. About This Test The Elementary education : Content Knowledge test is designed for candidates who are preparing to enter the field of Elementary education . The test measures the Knowledge , skills, and abilities judged by a national advisory committee and a survey of education experts to be necessary for safe and effective practice. Test takers are typically completing an undergraduate degree program in Elementary education or have a degree in a Content area and are seeking an additional endorsement. The 140 test questions focus on Knowledge in four major Content areas: reading and language arts, mathematics, social studies, and science. Test takers are asked to show their Knowledge of the topics covered on the test in multiple ways using various types of responses: conceptual understanding, procedural awareness, interpretation, integration, and application.
7 The test is aligned with the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Mathematics, as well as Social Studies Content standards. The development of the science test questions reflect the National Science education Standards (NSES) and the National Science Teacher Association (NSTA) standards. An on-screen scientific calculator is provided for the computer-delivered test. Please consult the Praxis Calculator Use web page for further information. You are expected to know how and when to use the scientific calculator since it will be helpful for some questions. You are expected to become familiar with its functionality before taking the test. To practice using the calculator, download the 30-day trial version and view tutorials on how to use it. The calculator may be used to perform calculations, such as exponents, roots, and percents.
8 This test may contain some questions that will not count toward your score. The Praxis Study Companion 5. Step 1: Learn About Your Test Test Specifications Test specifications in this chapter describe the Knowledge and skills measured by the test. Study topics to help you prepare to answer test questions can be found in page 36. I. Reading and Language Arts B. Reading: Literature and Informational Text A. Reading: Foundational Skills 1. Understands how to use key ideas and details to comprehend literature and informational text 1. Understands the role of phonological awareness in literacy development a. Identifies the key details, moral, and/or theme of a literary text, citing specific textual a. Explains the importance of phonological evidence awareness as a foundational skill for literacy development b. Identifies the key details and/or central idea of an informational text, citing specific b.
9 Identifies and provides examples of textual evidence phonemes, syllables, onsets, and rimes c. Makes inferences from a text and supports c. Identifies and provides examples of them with appropriate evidence blending, segmenting, substituting, and deleting phonemes, syllables, onsets, rimes d. Summarizes information from a text 2. Understands the role of phonics and word e. Analyzes the characters, setting, and plot of analysis in literacy development a literary text a. Explains the importance of phonics and f. Analyzes the relationships among word analysis in literacy development individuals, events, ideas, and concepts in an informational text b. Distinguishes among common letter-sound correspondences and spelling conventions 2. Understands how features and structures of text across genres affect comprehension c. Distinguishes high-frequency sight words from decodable words appropriate for a.
10 Identifies structural elements of literature particular grades across genres ( , casts of characters and stage directions in drama, rhyme and meter d. Identifies roots and affixes to decode in poetry). unfamiliar words b. Uses text features ( , headings, sidebars, e. Recognizes various stages of language hyperlinks) to locate information in a print or acquisition ( , WIDA taxonomy). digital informational text f. Delineates common phonics and word- c. Identifies organizational structures of recognition approaches for ELLs (pedagogy). informational text ( , cause/effect, g. Differentiates syllabication patterns ( , problem/solution). open, closed, CVe). d. Identifies how structural elements 3. Understands the role of fluency ( , rate, contribute to the development of a literary accuracy) in literacy development text as a whole a. Defines fluency and related terms ( , 3.)