1 Automotive Industry AUTOMOBILE -Related Industries and Total EMPLOYMENT A Vast Range of Related Industries Automobiles are the focus of an extremely wide range of industrial and related activity, from materials supply and vehicle production to sales, servicing, freight shipping and other auto-centered operations. Auto-related EMPLOYMENT in Japan at present totals million people. EMPLOYMENT IN THE AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURING AND RELATED INDUSTRIES. Number of employees AUTOMOBILE Production .. 814,000. AUTOMOBILE manufacturing (including motorcycles) .. 188,000. Auto parts and accessories manufacturing .. 609,000. Auto body and trailer manufacturing.
2 17,000. Total EMPLOYMENT in auto manufacturing & related industries: Road Transport .. 2,694,000. million ( ). Road freight transport .. 1,714,000. Road passenger transport .. 560,000. Road transport-related services .. 371,000. Vehicle rental services .. 49,000. Automotive Fuel/Insurance/Recycling .. 349,000. Automotive fuel retailing .. 336,000. Auto damage insurance .. 12,000. Total EMPLOYMENT AUTOMOBILE recycling .. 1,000. (workforce). in Japan: million (100%) Materials & Equipment Supply .. 456,000. Electrical machinery & equipment .. 66,000. Non-ferrous metals .. 22,000. Iron & steel .. 130,000. Metal products .. 41,000. Chemicals (including paints), textiles, and petroleum.
3 31,000. Plastics, rubber, and glass .. 139,000. Electronic parts & equipment .. 21,000. Manufacturing machinery .. 6,000. Sales & Services .. 1,031,000. AUTOMOBILE retailing (including motorcycles, used vehicles, and auto parts and accessories) .. 577,000. AUTOMOBILE wholesaling (including motorcycles, used vehicles, and finished/used parts and accessories) .. 190,000. AUTOMOBILE servicing .. 264,000. Note: Figures are rounded off to the nearest thousand. Sources: Economic Census, Labor Force Survey, Input-Output Tables for Japan, Census of Manufactures, ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications' Statistics Bureau; ministry of Economy, trade and Industry 1.
4 Automotive Industry Investment in Materials, Equipment and Research AUTOMOBILE Manufacturing Is an Integrated Industry An AUTOMOBILE typically is composed of 20,000 to 30,000 parts, all of which even the largest vehicle manufacturers cannot produce themselves. Automakers therefore either outsource production or purchase finished products (such as tires, batteries, air conditioners and audio systems). Finished products purchased by the automakers include products manufactured abroad, and the volume of imported components increases yearly. AUTOMOBILE manufacturing is thus an integrated industry because it relies on many supporting industries to produce the great diversity of materials and components it uses.
5 Trends in the AUTOMOBILE industry, which makes huge investments in equipment and research activities, are considered a barometer of the economy. PRINCIPAL MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS USED IN AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURING. Cast iron Engine parts, cylinder blocks Springs, dampers Common steel Chassis, frames, wheel parts Turbochargers Gears, axle shafts, crankshafts, Special steel fuel injection equipment Bearings Copper Electricals, radiators, cables Machined parts, pumps Lead, tin, zinc Engine metals, solder, body varnish, batteries Tires and tubes Engine parts ( pistons, cylinder heads), Aluminum wheels, chassis Batteries Noble metals Emissions aftertreatment parts Window glass Other non-ferrous metals Magnets, plating Onboard tools, jacks Steering wheels, bumpers, radiator grilles, Synthetic resin body components Supplies, extinguishers, tire chains Glass Window glass, mirrors, headlamps Electronic parts Sensors, ECUs, actuators Rubber Tires, sealing parts, vibration control parts Lights, cables, optical fibers Plugs, electronic parts, sensors, Ceramics emissions aftertreatment parts Air conditioners, air cleaners Textiles Seats, linings, seatbelts Starters, alternators, generators, inverters.
6 Meters Leather Seats, packing Audio systems, phones, navigation systems Paper Filters Safety equipment, anti-lock brakes, airbags, Wood Load-carrying platforms, interior equipment traction control Paints Ornamental and rustproof paints Coke For casting Antifreeze, engine oil, transmission oil, Chemicals brake oil Petroleum, electricity, Fuel, heat treatment, paint drying, natural gas power generation Animal and vegetable oils For casting Fats and oils For lubrication, heat treatment, etc. INVESTMENTS IN EQUIPMENT OF MAJOR RESEARCH EXPENDITURES OF MAJOR. MANUFACTURING SECTORS (PROJECTED, FY 2016) MANUFACTURING SECTORS (FY 2015). x 100 million yen x 100 million yen Foods IT &.
7 2,195 ( ) Other Telecommunications Non-Ferrous Other Transport 10,479 Equipment Electronic Metals 10,809 Automotive Equipment Electrical ( ) 15,476 Circuits, Parts 2,410 ( ) ( ) 14,874 ( ) 15,918 Machinery & Equipment ( ) & Equipment ( ) 11,569 ( ) 6,093. Paper & Pulp All All ( ). 1,419 ( ) Manufacturing Manufacturing Iron & Steel Sectors Sectors General Electronic Parts 1,552 ( ) General Automotive Machinery 66,642 & Equipment Machinery 118,641 28,372. 7,997 ( ) (100%) 3,919 ( ) & Equipment (100%) ( ). 19,005 ( ). Chemicals Electrical Iron & Steel 10,273 Machinery 6,371 Chemicals Transport ( ) 4,443 ( ) ( ) 8,166 Equipment ( ) 29,529 ( ).
8 Petroleum Pharmaceuticals 3,083 ( ) 14,577 ( ). Note: Japan's fiscal year (FY) starts on April 1 and ends on March 31 of the following year. Source: Survey on Planned Capital Spending, Development Bank of Japan Source: Survey on Research Activities in Science and Technology, ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications 2. Automotive Industry Automotive Shipments in Value Terms AUTOMOBILE Manufacturing Is a Core Industry The automotive industry is one of the Japanese economy's core industrial sectors. In 2014 automotive shipments accounted for of the total value of Japan's manufacturing shipments, and of the value of the machinery industries' combined shipments.
9 Automotive shipments (both domestic and export shipments, including motorcycles, auto parts, etc.) in value terms totalled trillion yen in 2014, up from the previous year. SHIPMENTS OF MAJOR MANUFACTURING COMPARISON OF VALUE OF AUTOMOTIVE. SECTORS IN VALUE TERMS (2014) SHIPMENTS TO TOTAL VALUE OF ALL. x 100 million yen MANUFACTURING SHIPMENTS. Total value of all manufacturing shipments Total value of automotive shipments x 1 trillion yen General 360. Machinery 337,273 340. ( ) Electrical 320 Other Machinery 300 1,011,922 & Equipment ( ) 394,772 280. Total ( ) 260. 3,051,400 240. (100%) 220. Automotive Metal Products 533,101 200. 139,328 ( ).
10 180. ( ). Iron Transport 160. & Steel Chemicals Equipment 140. 192,022 281,230 600,633. 120. ( ) ( ) ( ). Non-Ferrous 100. Metals 80. 94,220 ( ). 60. 40 20. Breakdown of automotive shipments: Automobiles (including motorcycles) .. 220,293 0. Auto bodies and trailers .. 5,730 2005 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14. Automotive parts and accessories .. 307,078 Year SHIPMENTS OF MAJOR MANUFACTURING SECTORS IN VALUE TERMS x 100 million yen Machinery Industries Automotive Shipments Year Chemicals Iron & Non-Ferrous Metal General Electrical Transport Equipment Subtotal Other Total As % of Value As % of Total Steel Metals Products Machinery Machinery of Machinery Value of & Shipments Manufacturing Equipment Automotive Shipments 1970 55,402 65,648 30,547 37,277 68,028 73,305 72,758 54,673 223,008 287,383 690,348 1975 104,381 113,063 39,087 65,731 106,112 108,213 147,935 105,241 379,551 589,807 1,274,329 1980 179,787 178,956 81,186 106,465 175,998 222,346 249,536 212,346 682,457 952.