1 Freight Shipping Guide FedEx is dedicated to taking care of you and your customers by providing fast, reliable, intact shipments. Customer Service SHIPMENT CLASSIFICATION DENSITY. Four Freight characteristics are used to determine To secure the best possible LTL (less-than- shipment classification: truckload) Shipping rates, always package your l Density - how heavy the shipment is for the products using the least amount of space, and space it occupies expressed in pounds per provide accurate weight(s). This increases cubic feet (PCF). shipment density a plus for you as a shipper. l Stowability how well the shipment uses l Density = Weight (lbs.)/Cubic Feet trailer space considering: l Cubic feet = the greatest dimensions of the Excess size or weight. l handling unit divided by 1728 - If the shipment can be stacked on with l (L x W x H )/1728. other Freight . l Cubic feet for round items such as cylinders, Loading restrictions due to government l drums, etc.
2 = (H x D x D )/1728 where D = regulations. diameter l Ease of handling - special care may be required due to size, weight or configuration. Add all handling unit weights together and divide l Liability - measured by such things as: by the total number of cubic feet for all handling Value per pound. l units. Susceptibility to theft or damage. l Liability to damage. l Perishability. l Tendency to damage other Freight , l spontaneously combust or explode. H W . For additional assistance, contact your sales executive. Additional information is available from the NMFTA at (6632) or go to L . -1- -2- BILL OF LADING PACKAGING CONSIDERATIONS. The Bill of Lading (BOL) is a required legal Layers of shrinkwrap must overlap, especially contract that verifies that the carrier has received with tall pallets. Wrap upward, overlapping film the shipment as described and is obligated to by 50 percent. deliver that shipment in good condition to the Result: Stabilizes the Freight and keeps it from consignee (person receiving the Freight ).
3 Tipping over. Key information to include on the BOL : Twist shrinkwrap every other time around Freight . l Description of what is being shipped:* Result: Increases strength of the wrap. Clearly describe all commodities. l Tie shrinkwrap to pallet before wrapping, and List NMFC item number(s) and class(es). l wrap all Freight securely to the pallet. State accurate shipment weight(s). l Result: Limits chances of Freight sliding off pallet or Provide a piece count and number of l falling off pallet. handling units. l Where is the shipment's ultimate destination? Only use pallets that are in good condition. l List any special handling requirements. Result: Avoids damage to Freight during transit caused l Who will pay the Shipping charges: by boards caving in Shipper = prepaid [PPD]. l or wood and nails Consignee = collect [COL]. l damaging Freight . Third party. l Treated hardwood l For international shipments, include the name pallets are required and phone number of the customs broker.
4 For international destinations. * An accurate commodity description, including the correct NMFC item number, Freight class and weight, is required to avoid billing issues and promotes invoicing accuracy. -3- -4- Place cardboard or chipboard between Freight DO NOT place any Freight on a pallet without and pallet. securing the Freight to the pallet. Result: Reduces Freight damage from forks and wood Result: Freight is always in constant motion/vibration or nails working into Freight . during transit. Anything not secured to pallet will fall from pallet. Stack smaller, lighter items on heavier items. Result: Reduce possible crushing. DO NOT allow Freight to overlap pallet. Result: Increases opportunity of damage to Freight by other Freight , trailer wall or pallet itself. DO NOT load bags directly on the pallet. Result: Bags are easily torn. Always place cardboard between the pallet and around the sides of the pallet whenever possible.
5 -5- -6- PALLET PACKAGING TIPS LABELING AND PIECE COUNT. l Do not overload a pallet with weight, height or Proper labeling helps ensure on-time delivery volume as this can make the pallet top heavy and complete orders. and cause a collapse. l Individual packages and pallets l When stacking cartons on pallets, make sure should both be labeled. they are packed tightly and tie stacked from l Labels on the Freight should match the bill layer to layer. of lading and clearly show the full name and l Protect your products with good outer address of the consignee. packaging ( cardboard, bubble padding or plastic wrap) as this will help prevent rubbing The use of brightly colored labels helps identify and scratching in transit. special requirements such as: l Banding or strapping is recommended for l Do Not Break Down Pallet heavy items to secure them to the pallet. l Do Not Double Stack l Use interior packaging to eliminate empty l Do Not Forklift space in cartons to avoid crushing.
6 L Fragile: Handle with Care l When Shipping inserts or flyers on a pallet, l Fragile: Top Freight Only consider banding or tying individual bundles l Keep Upright before wrapping with plastic wrap. If the wrap breaks, the bundles will help maintain Accurate piece count and description are critical the products' stability. to preventing shortages l When using shrinkwrap, start at the bottom On the Bill of Lading, specify the total number of of the pallet, wrapping upward around the pieces as well as the total number of handling load. This prevents the shipment from shifting units shipped. For example, if you tendered 25. or slipping off of the pallet and potentially boxes stretchwrapped to one pallet, describe this damaging the cartons or other Freight . as 25 pieces and 1 handling unit. -7- -8- INTERNATIONAL AND ACCURATE WEIGHT. OFFSHORE Shipping It's important to know exactly what your shipment When Shipping to or from the , Canada, weighs.
7 By providing accurate weights you can Mexico, or Puerto Rico specific documentation better manage your Shipping costs. must be completed. It is important to remember l Shipping weight includes the commodity, the pallet that depending on the type and value of the and packaging material. goods being shipped, all or some of the following l FedEx offers weight breaks when Shipping documentation is required. larger amounts. l Weight breaks are based on class and zip codes. Canada l Consolidating shipments may save you money. l Bill of Lading (include broker name and phone number). l Accurate weights avoid potential rebilling issues. l Commercial Invoice or Canada Customs Invoice l NAFTA Certificate of Origin Mexico CUSTOMIZED SOLUTIONS. l Bill of Lading (include broker name and phone number). l Commercial Invoice FedEx Freight Customized Solutions offers: l Shipper's Export Declaration (SED) l Truckload and Freight Forwarding l NAFTA Certificate of Origin l Specialized Quotes Puerto Rico l Distribution and Consolidation l Bill of Lading l Dated Release l Commercial Invoice l Shipper's Export Declaration (SED).
8 FedEx EXPEDITED Freight . For online forms or additional information, go to ; if you require further assistance, SERVICESSM. contact your sales executive, or call FedEx Freight l Faster delivery than standard International Customer Service at Shipping services. -9- - 10 - CAPACITY AND VOLUME. l When Shipping four pallet positions or 5,000 lbs. or more, you may be eligible to receive a volume quote. l To avoid excess capacity charges, on 10 or more pallet positions (20 linear feet), be sure to call: FedEx Freight FedEx National LTL. * *. * Volume quotes based on reduced liability of $1 per lb. (maximum). MK551/507-FXF/FXNL. - 11 - 28302FF.