1 MASSAGE and the Original Swedish Movements MASSAGE . AND THE. ORIGINAL SWEDISH MOVEMENTS. THEIR APPLICATION TO VARIOUS DISEASES OF THE BODY. LECTURES BEFORE THE TRAINING SCHOOLS FOR NURSES CONNECTED WITH THE. HOSPITAL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, GERMAN HOSPITAL, WOMAN'S. HOSPITAL, PHILADELPHIA LYING-IN CHARITY HOSPITAL, THE PHILADELPHIA. POLYCLINIC AND COLLEGE FOR GRADUATES IN MEDICINE, AND THE KENSINGTON. HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN, OF PHILADELPHIA. BY. KURRE W. OSTROM. FROM THE ROYAL UNIVERSITY OF UPSALA, SWEDEN. EIGHTH EDITION, REVISED AND ENLARGED. WITH ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY FIVE ILLUSTRATIONS.
2 PHILADELPHIA. P. BLAKISTON'S SON & CO. 1012 WALNUT STREET. COPYRIGHT, 1918 , BY P. BLAKISTON'S SON & CO. THE MAPLE PRESS YORK PA. -v- (3 of 134) [12/6/2000 1:41:13 AM]. MASSAGE and the Original Swedish Movements PREFACE TO THE EIGHTH EDITION. The revision of this book was undertaken at the request of the publishers, who stipulated that the notes left by the late Mr. Ostrom should be followed as much as possible. This has been done, except in the case of the notes on dislocations, which I have preferred not to use. With the permission of the publishers I have written the article on dislocations from my own viewpoint.
3 This revision consists mainly in the additional suggestions on treatment, with, here and there, some modification of statement made necessary by later experience. Beyond this, the original text has not been changed -- That is to say, that, where the late author's method of treatment or practice differed but slightly from mine, then no change will be found. There are sixteen entirely new pictures in this edition, which were made under the personal direction of Mr. Ostrom just before his rather sudden death. Some of the old figures in the text have been altered, redrawn or enlarged in accordance with his wishes.
4 -vi- The conciseness of this book makes it particularly valuable to beginners, who need to learn those essentials that constitute the foundation for study and practice of this important branch of the healing art. P. SILFVERBERG, G. D. -vii- PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. As the tendency of modern therapeutics is to cure disease by the APPLICATION of the laws of hygiene, the author feels that in presenting this little work to the medical profession, and to those especially interested in the subject, he will be supplying in English a treatise that has long been needed. It is true, several books have been written on this subject by physicians, but none of them has been sufficiently explicit in telling how to perform the VARIOUS manipulations, or the cases which may be benefited by the movements.
5 This work endeavors to explain how the movements are to be applied to all parts of the body, and also to show for what diseases such movements are indicated. I am very much indebted to Drs. Charles K. Mills and H. Augustus Wilson for THEIR kindness in giving me ample opportunity to practically demonstrate the Swedish methods of MASSAGE and movements at the Philadelphia Polyclinic and College for Graduates in Medicine. (4 of 134) [12/6/2000 1:41:13 AM]. MASSAGE and the Original Swedish Movements I am also under obligations to several other professors -viii- of the same institution for valuable information received.
6 In describing the VARIOUS movements and THEIR influence upon the different parts of the body, I have consulted such well-known Swedish authors as Wretlind, Hartelius, Kleen, etc. It is hoped that this little text-book will be a practical and valuable addition to what has already been published on the subject of mechanotherapy. THE AUTHOR. -ix- CONTENTS. Introduction .. 1. Exercise in Therapeutics .. 4. MASSAGE .. 8. MASSAGE as a Therapeutic Agent ..20. Pressing and Shaking (Vibrations)..54. Details of Treatment ..60. Contraindications for MASSAGE ..61. Swedish Movements..63. Positions..63. Divisions of Movements.
7 76. The VARIOUS Movements..77. The Physiology of the Movement Treatment .. 107. Mechanical Action of Muscles .. 112. APPLICATION of MASSAGE , etc., to VARIOUS Diseases of the Body .. 116. General Weakness .. 117. Anemia.. 117. Hysteria.. 119. (5 of 134) [12/6/2000 1:41:13 AM]. MASSAGE and the Original Swedish Movements Chorea.. 119. Plethora.. 120. Insomnia.. 120. Headaches .. 121. Apoplexy.. 124. Infantile Paralysis .. 126. Tabes .. 129. Neuralgia .. 131. Neuritis.. 134. Progressive Muscular Atrophy.. 135. Writer's Cramp.. 136. Splanchnic Neurasthenia .. 136. Affections of the Respiratory Organs.
8 138. Catarrh of the Lungs.. 138. Pharyngitis and Laryngitis.. 139. Consumption .. 139. Bronchitis, Nervous Asthma, .. 140. -x- Colds .. 140. Diseases of the Heart .. 142. Diseases of the Digestive Organs.. 145. Dyspepsia .. 145. Habitual Constipation .. 146. Hemorrhoids .. 150. Obesity .. 151. Enlargement of the Liver.. 152. Diabetes.. 153. Uterine Affections.. 154. Amenorrhea.. 154. Dysmenorrhea.. 155. Affections of the Bladder .. 155. Rheumatism.. 156. Lumbago .. 157. (6 of 134) [12/6/2000 1:41:13 AM]. MASSAGE and the Original Swedish Movements Stiff Neck.. 158. Gout.. 158. Lateral Curvature of the Spine.
9 159. Sprains .. 169. Dislocations.. 170. Synovitis .. 173. Varicose Veins.. 174. Hernia.. 175. Fractures .. 176. Deformities of the Feet .. 178. Affections of the Eye .. 180. Affections of the Ear .. 181. General Remarks.. 183. The MASSAGE Treatment in America .. 185. Bibliography .. 189. Index.. 193. -1- MASSAGE . AND. THE SWEDISH MOVEMENTS. INTRODUCTION. Manual treatment for disease has to a certain extent existed since the creation. Man had, by instinct, acquired the art of manipulation long before nature yielded her secrets in medicine. This is still the practice among many nations. In Sweden, even at the present time, certain manipulations are used among the peasants for cramps, swellings, etc.
10 The Swedes seem never to have lost the art -- but recently revived in other countries. Amiot and Dally speak of a perfect system of gymnastics among the Chinese three thousand years before the Christian era. They maintained that gymnastics, by preventing stagnation, produced an even and harmonious movement of the fluids in the human body, which is necessary to health. Not only did they use gymnastics to preserve health, but they also had a thorough knowledge of THEIR therapeutic effects. From each of the natural positions they placed the body and limbs in certain derivative (7 of 134) [12/6/2000 1:41:13 AM].