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REGULATIONS – PRESERVATIVES AND …

REG UL AT I ONS PRE SE RVAT I VE S AND ANT IO XI DANTS. P ub l i sh e d u nd e r G o ve r n m e nt N ot i c e N o. R . 9 65 o f 3 Ju n e 1 9 77. A s a me n d e d b y : G ov e rn m en t No t ic e No . R . 23 5 5 o f 5 N ov e m b e r 1 9 82. G ov e rn m en t No t ic e No . R . 22 9 8 o f 26 Oc t o be r 19 8 4. G ov e rn m en t No t ic e No . R . 22 5 of 7 F e br u a r y 1 98 6. G ov e rn m en t No t ic e No . R . 18 8 4 o f 4 S ep t em b er 1 98 7. G ov e rn m en t No t ic e No . R . 23 7 9 o f 1 2 Oc t ob e r 1 9 90.

coloured, gummed, painted, coated or treated in any manner liable to import substances harmful to human health are not permissible. Regulation 5 of the regulations under the repealed Food, Drugs and Disinfectants Act, 1929 (Act 13 of

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Transcription of REGULATIONS – PRESERVATIVES AND …

1 REG UL AT I ONS PRE SE RVAT I VE S AND ANT IO XI DANTS. P ub l i sh e d u nd e r G o ve r n m e nt N ot i c e N o. R . 9 65 o f 3 Ju n e 1 9 77. A s a me n d e d b y : G ov e rn m en t No t ic e No . R . 23 5 5 o f 5 N ov e m b e r 1 9 82. G ov e rn m en t No t ic e No . R . 22 9 8 o f 26 Oc t o be r 19 8 4. G ov e rn m en t No t ic e No . R . 22 5 of 7 F e br u a r y 1 98 6. G ov e rn m en t No t ic e No . R . 18 8 4 o f 4 S ep t em b er 1 98 7. G ov e rn m en t No t ic e No . R . 23 7 9 o f 1 2 Oc t ob e r 1 9 90.

2 G ov e rn m en t No t ic e No . R . 21 3 9 o f 3 0 Au g us t 19 9 1. G ov e rn m en t No t ic e No . R . 70 o f. 1 5 J a nu a r y 1 99 3. G ov e rn m en t No t ic e No . R . 11 4 2 o f 4 A ug u st 1 99 5. G ov e rn m en t No t ic e No . R . 17 4 5 o f 1 N ov e m b e r 1 9 96. G ov e rn m en t No t ic e No . R . 12 9 5 o f 16 Oc t o be r 19 9 8. T he M i n is t e r o f He a lt h , W e lfa r e and P ensions has, in term s of section 15(1) ofthe Foodstuffs, C osm etics a nd Di s i nfe c ta n t s A ct , 1972 (Act 54 of 1972), m ade the following regulation which may be applied from the d at e of p ub l i ca t i on he r e of b ut s ha l l b e ap p l ie d wi t h e ffec t fr o m a da t e six months after the date of p ub l i ca t i on.

3 D ef i n i t i on s ( 1) An t io x i d a n t m e a ns a ny s ub s ta n c e w hi c h d e l ay s , r e t ards or prevents the developm ent in fo od s tu ffs o f ra n cidity or other deterioration due to oxidation but does not include substances added t o fo od s t uffs fo r pu r po s e s other than antioxidation which nevertheless have an antioxidant action;. go o d m an u f a c tu r i n g practice (GMP) means lim ited to such a maximum level that the product c on c e rn e d w i ll n ot b e d el e t er i ously affected or its com pliance with legal requirem ents disturbed.

4 A nd p r e s er v at i v e m e a ns any substance which inhibits, retards or arrests fermentation, acidification or o th er de c om p os i t io n of foodstuffs but does not include PRESERVATIVES such as com mon salt (sodium c hl o r id e ) , s u ga r (s u cr o se) lactic acid, vinegar, alcohol or potable spirits, herbs, hop extract, spices a nd e ss e nt i a l o i l s. ( 2) (a) A ny pe r s on s ha l l b e gu i lt y of a n o ffen c e i f he s el l s a n y foodstuffwhich contains a p re s e rv a t iv e , e x ce p t t h a t e a ch foo d st u ff s pecified in column I of Annex A or any such fo od s tu ff wh i ch i s i n te n de d to b e d i lu t ed or reconstituted before consumption, when d il u t ed o r reconstituted in accordance with the instructions on the label, m ay, subject to the p ro v i si o ns o f s u br e g ulation (2)(b)

5 , contain any one ofthe PRESERVATIVES specified opposite t o i t in c ol u m n I I, in a proportion not exceeding the num ber of mg/kg or m g/1, as the case m ay be , sp e ci fi e d i n c o l um n III. The PRESERVATIVES sulphur dioxide, benzoic acid, sorbic a ci d an d pr o pi o n ic a ci d m a y a l s o b e u s ed i n t h e fo rm of their calcium, sodium or p ot a s si u m s a lt s ex p re s s ed as sulphur dioxide (SO 2), benzoic acid (C 6H 3 C OOH), sorbic 1. a ci d ( C H 3 C H = C H CH = CH C OOH) and propionic acid (CH 3 C H2 C OOH), as the c as e m a y b e.

6 ( b) W h e r e t h e u s e o f t w o o r m o re p re s e rv a t iv e s i n a fo odstuff is allowed in Annex A, a m ix t ur e t he r eo f, if c om p at i bl e , may be used, provided the sum ofthe fractions obtained w he n t h e a m o u nt o f each preservative used is divided by the maximum permitted am ount o f s u ch p re s e rv a t iv e wh en u se d al o ne d oe s no t ex c ee d on e . (c) A p r e se r va t i ve s ha l l n o t c o nt a i n . (i ) m or e th a n 3 m g / kg of a r se n i c;. ( i i) m or e th a n 1 0 m g /k g o f l ea d.

7 ( i ii ) m or e t ha n 50 m g /kg of copper and zinc taken together (the zinc content, however, s ha l l no t b e hi g he r t ha n 2 5 m g / kg ) ;o r ( i v) a ny o th e r s u bs t a nc e s h a rmful to hum an health, subject always, however, to any e xc e p ti o ns i m p l ic it in the specific criteria laid down in Annex C . Where S pecific C ri t e ri a of P ur i t y a r e l a i d d ow n i n An n ex C , t he s e s h a ll a pp l y. ( 3) (a) S ub j ec t t o t h e p r ovisions of the REGULATIONS governing (a) wine, other fermented beverages a nd s pi r i ts a nd ( b)

8 Foodstuffs for infants, young children and children, no person shall sell a ny foo d st u ff c o nt a i ning an antioxidant, except that each foodstuff specified in colum n I of A nn e x B or a ny su c h fo od s t uff wh i c h i s intended to be diluted or reconstituted before c on s um p ti o n , w he n di l ut e d o r r econstituted in accordance with the instructions on the l a be l , m a y, s ub j ec t to t he p ro v i si o ns o f s u br e gu l a ti o n ( 3 ) (b ) , contain any ofthe a nt i o xi d an t s specified opposite to it in colum n II, in a proportion not exceeding the number o f m i ll i g ra m s p e r k i lo g r am or p er l it r e sp e ci fie d i n co l um n I I I.

9 ( b) W h e r e t h e u s e o f t w o or more antioxidants in a foodstuff is allowed in Annex B , a m ixture t he r e of, i f c o m p a ti b l e, m a y be used, provided the sum ofthe fractions obtained when the a m o u nt o f e a ch a nt i ox i d an t us ed is divided by the maximum permitted amount of such a nt i o xi d an t , wh en u se d al o ne d oe s no t ex c ee d on e . (c) A n a nt i o xi d a nt s ha l l n o t c o nt a i n . (i ) m or e th a n 3 m g / kg of a r se n i c ( i i) m or e th a n 1 0 m g /k g o f l ea d.

10 ( i ii ) m or e th a n 5 0 m g /k g o f c op p er a nd zi n c t a k en t og e th er (the zinc content, h ow e ve r , s h a ll n ot b e h i gh e r t h an 2 5 m g/ k g) ; or ( i v) a ny o th e r s u bs t a nc e s h a rm ful t o h u m a n h e a lt h . ( 4) F oo d st u ffs p re p a re d in p ar t fr o m foodstuffs in which no preservative or antioxidant is perm itted, a nd i n p a rt fr om fo o ds t u ffs i n which a preservative or antioxidants is perm itted, shall not contain m or e pr e se r v at i v e o r a n t io x id a nt t h an r es u lt s fro m t h e a d di tion of the foodstuff in which a p re s e rv a t iv e or a nt i ox i d an t is p er m it t e d.


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