1 H-ENGM0408, April 2008. (Replaces H- engm0806 , August 2006 ). Engineering manual Commercial Refrigeration Cooling and Freezing Load Calculations and Reference Guide Expansion Valve Liquid Line Filter- Solenoid Valve Drier Head Pressure Control Valve Liquid Line Sight Glass Receiver Heat Exchanger Evaporator Suction Filter Oil Suction Compressor Separator Accumulator Condenser Forward This edition of Heatcraft Refrigeration Products LLC's, Engineering on these subjects. The purpose of this reference book is to furnish manual covering Commercial Refrigeration Cooling and Freezing the Engineering , selling and servicing organizations with accurate Load Calculations has been prepared in the form of a condensed and useful data to simplify load calculations.
2 Text and reference book. No attempt has been made to specify a particular make of The theory and principle of modern refrigeration has been equipment. We sincerely hope that our efforts will be a tangible omitted due to the many excellent publications currently available contribution to our rapidly growing industry. Table of Contents Job Survey 4 Derating Factors 22. Refrigeration Load Calculations 4-6 General Guidelines 23. Sample Calculations: Unit Cooler Coil Placement 24. Above 32 F. (0 C.) 7-9 Sizing of Refrigerant Lines 25-32. Sample Calculations: Psychrometric Chart 37-39.
3 Rooms Below 32 F. (0 C.) 10-12 Glossary of Refrigeration Terms 40. Refrigeration Equipment Selection 21 Quick Selection Guide 41. Type of Operation and Air Flow 22 Rapid Load Calculator for Large Coolers & Freezers 43. Refrigeration Equipment References on the World Wide Web History of Leadership, Service History of High Performance, and Innovation Innovation and Product Selection Bohn has been the Larkin has been the most trusted Supermarket Industry's leading brand of refrigeration products for brand of refrigeration products clean environments since 1928.
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6 Dependable. Versatile. Courteous. Finally, one simple source for all of your parts needs from a name you can trust. 2008 Heatcraft Refrigeration Products LLC. 2. Tables Table page Table page No. No. No. No. 1. Wall heat loads 13 18. Rapid load selection for back bars 19. 2. Insulated block K factors 13 19. Refrigeration requirements for hardening ice cream 19. 3. Allowance for sun 20. Glass door load 19. 4. Average air changes per 24 hours for storage rooms above 32 F. (0 C.) due to door 21. Summer outside air and ground openings and infiltration 14. temperature design conditions 20.
7 5. Average air changes per 24 hours for storage 22. Suction and liquid line sizes for R-134A 25, 26. rooms below 32 F. (0 C.) due to door openings and infiltration 14 23. Suction and liquid line sizes for R-22 27, 28. 6. Heat removed in cooling air to storage 24. Suction & liquid line sizes for R-404A, R-507/AZ50 29, 30. room conditions (BTU per Cu. Ft.) 14 25. Pressure drop of liquid refrigerants in 7. Storage requirements and properties of vertical risers 31. perishable products 15-16 26. Equivalent feet of pipe for valves and fittings 31. 8. Heat of respiration 17.
8 27. Remote condenser line sizes for 9. Heat loads of keg and bottled beer 18. R-134A, R-22, R-507/AZ50 and R-404A 32. 10. Carcass weights 18. 28. L-type tubing weight of refrigerants in copper 11. Heat equivalent of electric motors 18 lines of operating systems 33. 12. Heat equivalent of occupancy 18 29. Fahrenheit-Celsius temperature 13. General standards for insulation conversion chart 34. thickness in storage rooms 18 30. Conversion factors 35. 14. Heat gain due to operation of battery lift trucks 18 31. Electrical formulas 35 15. Specific heats of various liquids and solids 18 32.
9 English conversion factors and data 36. 16. Banana room 33. English to metric conversion factors 36. refrigeration requirement 19. 17. Meat cutting or preparation room 19. 3. Job Survey Refrigeration Load Calculations The person involved in a heat transfer calculation needs With the initial survey complete, the heat load calculation is information in order to predict accurately the heat load on a separated into the following main sources of heat for a given 24. refrigerated structure. The more complete the information, the hour period: better the calculation.
10 Good calculations are the first step in assuring adequate refrigeration equipment is selected for the 1. Transmission load project. 2. Air change load 3. Miscellaneous load The initial job survey should be as complete as possible and 4. Product load include the following: Accuracy Design Ambient Temperature Accuracy in calculation is the first step in having a satisfied This is the ambient surrounding the box necessary for the load customer. There are short cuts, based on averages, that may calculations. Another ambient to be considered on air cooled be taken and which must be used when the product load is projects is the one surrounding the condensing unit which will indefinite or unknown (see Quick Selection Guide on page 41.)