1 E B OOK. THE ULTIMATE . GUIDE TO DESIGN . CONTROLS FOR. medical DEVICE. COMPANIES. JO N S P EER , FO U N DE R & V P QA / R A. THE ULTIMATE GUIDE . TO DESIGN CONTROLS. FOR medical DEVICE. COMPANIES. TABLE OF CONTE N TS. 2. What's in this ULTIMATE GUIDE to DESIGN Controls for medical Device Companies anyway? 4. You have an idea for a new medical device. Now what? 5. Some explanation about a Quality System 8. What are DESIGN Controls? 19. Maintaining a DESIGN History File 22. Why capturing User Needs sets the stage 30. Understanding the role and importance of DESIGN Reviews 33. Becoming a DESIGN Input artist 38. Defining how to make your medical device through DESIGN Outputs 41. Proving you designed correctly via DESIGN Verification 42. Proving you have the correct device via DESIGN Validation 44. Completing DESIGN Transfer 46. Preparing regulatory submissions 47. Launch! 48. Summary of the ULTIMATE GUIDE to DESIGN Controls for medical Device Companies THE ULTIMATE GUIDE TO DESIGN CONTROLS FOR medical DEVICE COMPANIES PAGE 2.
2 WHAT'S IN THIS ULTIMATE GUIDE . TO DESIGN CONTROLS FOR medical . DEVICE COMPANIES ANYWAY? Back in 1998, I started my career as a medical device product development engineer. At that time the FDA DESIGN Controls regulations were still fairly new not only to me but the industry in general. ISO 13485 and corresponding DESIGN and development requirements for medical device industry were also very new to the industry in the late 90s. In those days, we all struggled to understand how and what to do with respect to DESIGN Controls. As my career progressed, I started to understand the purpose and intent regarding DESIGN Controls. But it didn't happen overnight. Prior to founding Greenlight Guru, I was fortunate to have played a part in getting 40+ medical devices through regulatory clearance in a variety of different roles. Since starting Greenlight Guru, an eQMS software platform designed specifically and exclusively for the medical device industry, we have been a part of helping dozens and dozens of companies all over the world bring their products to market.
3 THE ULTIMATE GUIDE TO DESIGN CONTROLS FOR medical DEVICE COMPANIES PAGE 3. However, for many, DESIGN Controls is still a topic that is as confusing today as it was for me many years ago. In fact, it is quite common for me to hear negative comments about DESIGN controls when I speak to product developers. I assure you that if you have bad feelings about DESIGN controls, it is likely because of the processes you are working within; DESIGN controls are what we do as prudent product developers. DESIGN controls demonstrate our medical devices are safe, effective, and meet the indications for use. With this GUIDE , I plan to share valuable insights to explain what DESIGN Controls are, how to address them, and how they benefit your medical device product development efforts. Some key questions and concepts that will be covered in this GUIDE include: How do DESIGN controls apply to simple devices , complex devices , and software as a medical device?
4 How can risk management practices be integrated throughout the DESIGN and development process? Why is DESIGN controls traceability so important? How do you handle document-based processes for documenting DESIGN controls? THE ULTIMATE GUIDE TO DESIGN CONTROLS FOR medical DEVICE COMPANIES PAGE 4. YOU HAVE AN IDEA FOR A NEW. medical DEVICE. NOW WHAT? Congratulations! You have an idea for a new medical device. Chances are you believe your idea will have a significant impact on the quality of our lives in some way. Chances are your product will help solve some current problem and address unmet needs. What do you do now? Throughout the world, there are agencies that govern and regulate medical devices . For example, in the United States, medical devices are regulated by the Food & Drug Administration (FDA). In the EU, there is the European Competent Authority. Canada has Health Canada. Australia the Therapeutics Goods Administration (TGA).
5 And so on. These regulatory agencies have defined rules and regulations that you and others developing and manufacturing medical devices must follow. And these regulatory agencies have defined rules and regulations about how medical devices are classified and what is required before the products are sold into the marketplace. Most notably, since you have an idea that you want to develop further, there are regulations established for you to follow during the product development process. These regulations are known as DESIGN Controls. This may sound confusing and discouraging. I get that. And I don't want you to be confused or discouraged. THE ULTIMATE GUIDE TO DESIGN CONTROLS FOR medical DEVICE COMPANIES PAGE 5. This is what drove me to create this ULTIMATE GUIDE to DESIGN Controls for medical Device Companies.. In this GUIDE , I will share with you the necessary background about DESIGN Controls from a global regulatory perspective.
6 I will provide you with knowledge and information that arm you with more than just the basics. SOME EXPLANATION. ABOUT A QUALITY SYSTEM. Yes, I know this GUIDE is supposed to focus on DESIGN Controls. And it does. I just need to spend a few minutes explaining what a quality system is and how this relates to your medical device product development efforts. WHAT IS A QUALITY SYSTEM? A medical device company has to establish a quality system. A quality system is a set of processes and procedures you define and implement to describe how your company addresses medical device regulations , including DESIGN Controls. THE ULTIMATE GUIDE TO DESIGN CONTROLS FOR medical DEVICE COMPANIES PAGE 6. FDA defines the rules in 21 CFR Part 820. And if you plan to go to market in the , these regulations are required. Outside the , Europe requires a quality system be established to meet the medical device regulations (and/or IVD regulations ). Many medical device companies choose to implement a quality system and have it certified to ISO.
7 13485:2016 to satisfy EU needs. Canada same thing. The expectation is that a quality system be established. Canada is a little different, requiring you to establish ISO 13485:2016 certification and the Canadian medical devices Conformity Assessment System (CMDCAS). (and starting January 1, 2019, a MDSAP - medical device single audit program audit). The good news is FDA 21 CFR Part 820 and ISO 13485 are very similar. In fact the new ISO 13485:2016 is in one-to-one alignment with FDA 21 CFR. Part regarding DESIGN Controls. This is good news and means you can establish a one size fits all quality system, encompassing DESIGN Controls too. BUILD YOUR QUALITY SYSTEM AS YOU GO (FOR STARTUPS). For medical device startups, the quality system expectations is that you have all parts and pieces defined and implemented by the time you go to market. Yes, there are parts of the FDA regulations and ISO requirements that do apply to you, even if you are pre-market.
8 THE ULTIMATE GUIDE TO DESIGN CONTROLS FOR medical DEVICE COMPANIES PAGE 7. If you are going through medical device product development, there are at least 4 parts of a quality system that you need to put in place: 1. DESIGN Controls 2. Risk Management 3. Document Control & Records Management 4. Supplier Management The term I use is bootstrapping a QMS . I encourage this approach. Early on, you don't need to spend too much time implementing a robust quality system. You need to be focused on product development. And as you get closer and closer to going to market, there are software tools, like Greenlight Guru and others, you can use to gradually implement more and more of a QMS. Just make sure you always keep your quality system in mind from the beginning, so you don't have to learn how to free yourself from a quality system nightmare down the road. THE ULTIMATE GUIDE TO DESIGN CONTROLS FOR medical DEVICE COMPANIES PAGE 8.
9 WHAT ARE DESIGN CONTROLS? So far in this ULTIMATE GUIDE , I have spent very little time discussing DESIGN Controls. Yes, this is deliberate. The stuff I covered so far about understanding medical device product classification and quality systems is very important for you to have some grasp on as you pursue your new medical device idea. If that information did not discourage you and you are still reading, rest assured. The rest of this GUIDE is devoted to DESIGN Controls. Really more than just DESIGN Controls. I will share with you why DESIGN Controls even matter and how they will help you during your medical device product development. DESIGN CONTROLS COMPARING FDA AND ISO. It is important that you DESIGN and develop a medical device that is safe. FDA, European Commission, Health Canada, and all other regulatory bodies throughout the world will want some assurances that your medical device is safe before you bring the product to market.
10 And this is really the essence of DESIGN Controls. Proof that you have designed a safe product that meets user needs and requirements. THE ULTIMATE GUIDE TO DESIGN CONTROLS FOR medical DEVICE COMPANIES PAGE 9. Technically speaking DESIGN Controls is a FDA term and defined in FDA 21. CFR (the 21 CFR stuff is FDA terminology to describe where in the code of federal regulations the topic is addressed). In ISO 13485 speak, the terminology and intent is similar and covered in section DESIGN and Development. The table below compares the FDA clauses for DESIGN Controls to ISO. 13485:2016 clauses regarding DESIGN & Development. DESIGN Controls FDA DESIGN & Development ISO 13485:2016. (a) General General (b) DESIGN and development planning DESIGN and development planning (c) DESIGN input DESIGN and development inputs (d) DESIGN output DESIGN and development outputs (e) DESIGN review DESIGN and development review (f) DESIGN verifications DESIGN and development verification (g) DESIGN validation DESIGN and development validation (h) DESIGN transfer DESIGN and development transfer (i) DESIGN changes Control of DESIGN and development changes ( j) DESIGN history file DESIGN and development files THE ULTIMATE GUIDE TO DESIGN CONTROLS FOR medical DEVICE COMPANIES PAGE 10.