1 EMPLOYMENT . PHOTO Courtesy ALYESKA PIPELINE SERVICE PREDEGER. ANWR could create 736,000 jobs D. evelopment of oil reserves in the An example of potential benefits is Coastal Plain of the Arctic National Where the jobs are: seen in the $ billion spent between Wildlife Refuge could create as WEFA calculates the breakdown of types of EMPLOYMENT 1980 and 1994 for construction of produc- many as 736,000 new domestic jobs, Category Jobs tion modules for Alaska's existing North according to an economic analysis by Manufacturing 128,000 Slope oil fields. Mining (incl. oil) 84,000. Wharton Econometrics Forecasting Trade 225,000 Seventy eight percent of this Associates. (WEFA) Services 145,000 $ billion was spent outside of These jobs would benefit workers in Construction 135,000 Alaska.
2 Among the states, California FIRE* 19,000. every state, in supplying equipment 736,000. received more than $ billion; Texas Total and services needed to develop the expect- received more than $ billion;. ed oil discoveries on ANWR's coastal plain, * Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Washington received $ billion;. the WEFA study found. Geologists think Source: Wharton Econometric Forecasting Associates Minnesota received almost $84 million. ANWR's coastal plain has the best potential This money was spent for salaries, of any unexplored region for major new oil discoveries, on materials, design, engineering and construction services, and does the scale of the Prudhoe Bay oil field, also on Alaska's North not include at least another $20 billion spent prior to 1980 on Slope.
3 Exploration and development of the North Slope fields. Prudhoe Bay Oil field ANWR and the Sourdough Oil field Kaktovik Mackenzie Delta Discoveries balance of trade Kuparuk Oil field ANWR Coastal Plain Beaufort Sea Exploration and development of oil and gas reserves of the Coastal Plain of the ANWR. Wilderness Area S. Arctic National Wildlife Refuge enhances TAP. the economy in other ways than job-cre- Arctic National ation. Wildlife Refuge Kaktovik Inupiat Corporation/. Imports of crude oil and refined Arctic Slope Regional Corporation Lands products now cost the nation over $100 ANWR Coastal Plain Mackenzie billion annually and is the largest single ANWR Wilderness Area Alaska commodity in the Balance of Trade Canada River deficit with other nations, according to the 0 100.
4 Department of Commerce. New Miles domestic production would lessen this Source: Alaska Department of Natural Resources deficit caused by crude oil imports. More imports of oil are needed because domestic production has ANWR has the nation's best potential been falling in recent years, and the nation's demand for fuels, buoyed by a for major additions to oil supplies strong economy, is growing. The older oil Most geologists think the Coastal Plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge has fields of the Lower 48 states have been the best prospects for major additions to domestic oil supply. This is the part of declining for years and it was only the the coastal plain set aside by Congress in 1980 for further study of its petroleum development of large new oil discoveries potential.
5 There is a chance that very large oil and gas fields, similar to the Prudhoe on Alaska's North Slope that temporarily Bay area further west, could be discovered in ANWR's coastal plain. slowed this decline. The Coastal Plain has very attractive geology and lies between areas of the Alaska In 1973 the was dependent on North Slope and the Canadian Beaufort Sea where there have been major oil and gas foreign oil for 36 percent of its needs. By discoveries. Oil and gas deposits have been discovered near ANWR's western border, 1991 the nation imported 46 percent of its and a recent oil discovery may result in the first pipeline built to the western boundary oil needs. Today the Imports over of the Coastal Plain.
6 64% of its oil requirements. This repre- Although the Coastal Plain was reserved for study of its oil potential, Congress sents over 120 billion dollars a year out the must act to open it for oil and gas exploration. Alaskans and residents of the North door and the largest chunk of our national Slope, including the Inupiat community of Kaktovik, within ANWR, widely support deficit. Opening ANWR is the most practi- exploring the Coastal Plain. cal and immediate way to change this. About the caribou .. ANWR Facts: Environmental groups claim explo- Refuge totals million acres. ration and development in ANWR's Coastal 8 million acres designated Wilderness; Plain will harm the Porcupine Caribou Herd.
7 Coastal Plain, million acres, set But 30 years of experience in the existing aside by Congress for study of oil North Slope oil fields, 80 miles west of potential; ANWR, show no detrimental effects on cari- Only a small percentage of Coastal bou. In fact the Central Arctic Caribou Herd, Plain, about 2,000 acres, would be which uses that area, has increased five-fold impacted by oil development;. in population since oil development began The coastal plain is not in the early 1970s. a pristine wilderness: Biologists have been unable to docu- A community, Kaktovik, exists in the ment any adverse effect of oil on caribou. Coastal Plain; Military installations All of the North Slope's caribou herds, operate on the Plain now and in the including the Porcupine herd, are thriving.
8 Past. Coastal Plain development should have no adverse effect. Like all of the North Slope, ANWR hosts many kinds of wildlife, ARCTIC POWER Box 100220 Anchorage, Alaska 99510. including grizzly bears (907) 274-2697 FAX (907) 274-2706. See our web site at.