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Phase Failure Relays

Phase Failure Relays Type MPS and MPD. Class 8430. Catalog 04. CONTENTS. Description ..Page Product Description and Definitions .. 2. Ordering Information.. 3. Ordering Information and Application Data.. 4. Wiring Diagrams .. 5. Approximate Dimensions and Weights .. 6 7. Courtesy of Steven Engineering, Ryan Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080-6370-Main Office: (650) 588-9200-Outside Local Area: (800) Phase Failure Relays Types MPS and MPD. Class 8430 Product Description and Definitions Three- Phase Monitoring from the excessive heat generated in the motor windings when a Phase Failure occurs. If, for any reason, the motor windings draw more current than they are rated for, excess heat is Protecting a three- Phase motor against Phase generated, causing deterioration of the motor Failure is difficult because a lightly loaded three- insulation. This deterioration is irreversible and Phase motor operating only on single Phase will cumulative.

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Transcription of Phase Failure Relays

1 Phase Failure Relays Type MPS and MPD. Class 8430. Catalog 04. CONTENTS. Description ..Page Product Description and Definitions .. 2. Ordering Information.. 3. Ordering Information and Application Data.. 4. Wiring Diagrams .. 5. Approximate Dimensions and Weights .. 6 7. Courtesy of Steven Engineering, Ryan Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080-6370-Main Office: (650) 588-9200-Outside Local Area: (800) Phase Failure Relays Types MPS and MPD. Class 8430 Product Description and Definitions Three- Phase Monitoring from the excessive heat generated in the motor windings when a Phase Failure occurs. If, for any reason, the motor windings draw more current than they are rated for, excess heat is Protecting a three- Phase motor against Phase generated, causing deterioration of the motor Failure is difficult because a lightly loaded three- insulation. This deterioration is irreversible and Phase motor operating only on single Phase will cumulative.

2 Eventually, the windings will short to the generate a voltage, often called regenerated voltage motor housing, causing motor Failure . The reaction or back EMF, in its open winding almost equal to the time of thermal overload units may be too slow to lost voltage. Therefore, voltage sensing devices provide effective protection from the excess heat which monitor only the voltage magnitude may not generated by high current. A Phase Failure relay, by provide complete protection from a Phase Failure limiting the overcurrent will help to: which occurs when the motor is running. A greater degree of protection can be obtained from a device Increase motor life which can detect the Phase angle displacement Reduce the very costly repair or replacement of accompanying a Phase Failure . Under normal motors conditions, the three- Phase voltages are 120. Minimize downtime due to motor problems degrees out of Phase with respect to one another. A. Reduce the risk of electric shock or fire due to the Phase Failure will cause a Phase angle displacement shorting out of motor windings away from the normal 120 degrees.

3 Types of Protective Relays Phase Reversal Detection There are two major types of protective Relays for Phase reversal can occur when maintenance is three- Phase systems: current sensing and voltage performed on motor-driven machinery, when sensing. The advantages of current sensing modifications are made to the power distribution protective Relays over voltage sensing Relays are that system, or when power restoration results in a they are not fooled by back EMF (Electromotive different Phase sequence than before the power Force) which accompanies a Phase Failure on motor outage. Phase reversal detection is important if a loads and they also can detect an abnormal motor running in reverse may damage the driven condition on either the line side or load side in a machinery or injure personnel. The National Electric branch circuit in which the relay is used. Voltage Code (NEC) requires Phase reversal protection on sensing devices can only detect abnormal all equipment transporting people, such as conditions on the line side of where the relay is escalators or elevators.

4 Connected. Voltage Unbalance Detection However, a voltage sensing relay has an important advantage in that it can detect an abnormal Voltage unbalance can occur when incoming line condition independent of the motor's running status. voltages delivered by the power company are of A current sensing device requires the motor to be different levels, or when single- Phase loads such as running before an abnormal condition can be lighting, electrical outlets and single- Phase motors detected. Therefore, a voltage sensing device will are connected on individual phases and not provide pre-start protection while a current sensing distributed in a balanced way. In either case, a device will not. Other advantages of voltage sensing current unbalance will result on the system which devices are that they are easy to install, are shortens motor life and diminishes motor efficiency. generally less expensive because they do not need An unbalanced voltage applied to a three- Phase current transformers, and require only voltage motor can result in a current unbalance in the motor connections so that they may be applied windings equal to several times the voltage independent of the system load.

5 Unbalance. This will increase the heat generated, a major cause of rapid deterioration of motor Phase Failure Detection insulation. A Phase Failure may occur because of a blown fuse Undervoltage in some part of the power distribution system, a Undervoltage may occur if the power supplied by the mechanical Failure within the switching equipment, local power company is overloaded, causing the or if one of the power lines open. A three- Phase voltage to drop, which is known as a brown out. An motor running on single Phase draws all of its undervoltage condition can also occur in remote current from the remaining two lines. Attempting to areas at the end of long power lines. As the voltage start a three- Phase motor on single Phase will cause available to the motor is decreased, the current the motor to draw locked-rotor current and the motor drawn by the motor increases, resulting in generated will not start. The reaction time of thermal overload heat which deteriorates the motor insulation.

6 Units may be too slow to provide effective protection 2. 1998 2004 Schneider Electric All Rights Reserved 6/2004. Courtesy of Steven Engineering, Ryan Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080-6370-Main Office: (650) 588-9200-Outside Local Area: (800) Phase Failure Relays Type MPS and MPD. Ordering Information Class 8430. 8430 MPS 8430 MPD. Socket mounted Offers the same protection as the 8430 MPS. Undervoltage adjustment from 75 to 100% Surface mounted Detects Phase unbalances over 10% LED indication when relay is energized Hard output contacts with 240 Vac rating Locking potentiometer undervoltage adjustment Hard output contacts with 600 Vac rating Both Relays protect motors against: Phase Failure Voltage unbalance Phase reversal Undervoltage Contact Monitored Recommended Product Description Catalog Number Arrangement Voltage Socket 8501NR51 or 240 V 60 Hz 8430 MPSV24. 8501NR52. A socket-mounted voltage sensing Phase Failure relay SPDT. 480 V 60 Hz 8430 MPSV29 8501NR82.

7 120 V 60 Hz 8430 MPDV20. 240 V 60 Hz 8430 MPDV24. A surface-mounted voltage sensing Not required Phase Failure relay 480 V 60 Hz 8430 MPDV29. DPDT. 600 V 60 Hz 8430 MPDV32. Sockets for 8430 MPS Relays 35mm DIN 3 Track Mount or Direct Panel Mount Socket Rating Product Description Catalog Number Package Quantity UL CSA. 8501NR51 1. 8 pin tubular single tier 10 A, 600 V. 10 A, 300 V. screw terminal 15 A, 300 V. 8501NR51B 10. 8501NR52 1. 8 pin tubular double tier 5 A, 600 V. 10 A, 300 V. screw terminal 16 A, 300 V. 8501NR52B 10. 8501NR82 1. 11 pin spade double tier 15 A, 300 V 15 A, 300 V . screw terminal 8501NR82B 10. Depending on the application, the RM4 relay should be considered. Rated 10 A, 480 V when used with an 8430 MPSV29 Phase Failure relay. 3. 6/2004 1998 2004 Schneider Electric All Rights Reserved Courtesy of Steven Engineering, Ryan Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080-6370-Main Office: (650) 588-9200-Outside Local Area: (800) Phase Failure Relays Type MPS and MPD.

8 Class 8430 Ordering Information, Application Data 35 mm DIN 3 Mounting Track Height Length Catalog Number Package Quantity 9080MH220 10. m ( in.). 9080MH320 10. 9080MH239 10. m ( in.). mm ( in.) 9080MH339 10. 9080MH279 10. m ( in.) 9080MH379 10. AM1DP200 10. AM1ED200 10. mm ( in.) m ( in.). AM1DE200 10. For additional track lengths or technical data, refer to the IEC Type Terminal Block Catalog, 9080CT9602. Accessories Product Description Catalog Number Package Quantity Screw-on end clamp 9080 MHA10 50. Screw-on end clamp AB1AB8M35 50. Hold down for 8501NH7 1. 8430 MPS Relays Conformity to Standards: Undervoltage Adjustment: 75 to 100% of nominal voltage 8430 MPS. Phase Unbalance Detection: File E78351 CCN NLDX with proper socket Greater than 10%. 8430 MPSV24 With 8501NR51 or NR52 socket . 8430 MPSV29 With 8501NR82 socket Maximum Power Consumption: File E42240 CCN NLDX without sockets 8430 MPS VA (240 V), VA (480 V). File 060905 Class 3211 03 8430 MPD VA (120 V), VA (240 V), 8430 MPD VA (480 V), 7 VA (600 V).

9 File E78351 CCN NLDX Transient Spike Protection: File 060905 Class 3211 03 5000 volts for 50 microseconds 8501NR Temperature Rating: File E66924 CCN SW1V2 Operating: -5 to 50 C (23 to 122 F). Storage: -20 to 70 C (-4 to 158 F). File LR84913 Class 3211 07. Screw Tightening Torque: 8430 MPD Relay: 7 9 lb-in ( N m). Output Contact Rating: 8501NR51, 52 or 82 sockets: 7 9 lb-in ( N m). AC Ratings Wire Range: Maximum Inductive Resistive Control 8430 MPD Relay: One or two #18 to #14 AWG Copper Type Contacts Circuit Make & Thermal wire (75 C insulation or higher). Voltage Make Break Contin- Break 8501NR Sockets: One or two #12 to #22 AWG Copper VA VA uous Amperes Current wire (75 C insulation or higher). 120 1800 180 5 5. MPS SPDT Pick-up Time: 240 1800 180 5 5. 120 3400 340 5 5 Typically seconds when correct three- Phase voltage 240 3600 360 5 5 is applied MPD DPDT 480 3600 360 5. 600 3600 360 5. Drop Out Time: Typically 3 seconds for any incorrect voltage condition.

10 4. 1998 2004 Schneider Electric All Rights Reserved 6/2004. Courtesy of Steven Engineering, Ryan Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080-6370-Main Office: (650) 588-9200-Outside Local Area: (800) Phase Failure Relays Type MPS and MPD. Class 8430 Wiring Diagrams 8430 MPS and MPD Relays will reset Interfacing Phase Failure Relays With Shunt automatically when the Phase abnormality is Trip Circuit Breakers corrected. Therefore, 3-wire control should be Phase Failure Relays are often used to control a used to accomplish safe operation of shunt trip circuit breaker. When this is done, care equipment. must be taken to insure that the shunt trip circuit always has an adequate source available. This Line Side Monitoring can be accomplished by using the diagram below. With the relay connected before the starter, the motor can be started in the reverse direction. However the motor is unprotected against Phase failures between the relay and the motor.


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