1 KI-NA-24473-EN-C. European European Food, Agriculture &. Commission research Area Fisheries & Biotechnology A decade of EU- funded GMO research (2001 - 2010). This publication summarises the results of 50 selected research projects on genetically modified organisms (GMO), co- funded by the European Commission A decade of under the Framework Programmes for research and Innovation, and conducted in the period 2001 - 2010, EU- funded including a summary of the latest Eurobarometer survey 2010 on Life Sciences and Biotechnology. GMO research The projects presented here address areas of major public concern in relation to GMO: environmental impact of GMOs, food safety aspects, risk assessment (2001 - 2010). of GMOs and risk management and finally aspects of genetic modification of plants and/or microorganisms related to biomass and biofuel production.
2 The publication is complemented by a number of highly valuable contributions of distinguished scientists, renowned experts in their respective fields. PROJECT INFORMATION . 1 20/09/10 12:26. Interested in European research ? research *eu is our monthly magazine keeping you in touch with main developments (results, programmes, events, etc.). It is available in English, French, German and Spanish. A free sample copy or free subscription can be obtained from: European Commission Directorate-General for research Communication Unit B-1049 Brussels Fax (32-2) 29-58220. E-mail: How to obtain EU publications Internet: Free publications: via EU Bookshop ( );. at the European Commission 's representations or delegations. You can obtain their contact details on the Internet ( ) or by sending a fax to +352 2929-42758.
3 Priced publications: via EU Bookshop ( );. Priced subscriptions ( annual series of the Official Journal of the European Union and reports of cases before the Court of Justice of the European Union): via one of the sales agents of the Publications Office of the European Union ( ). European Commission . Directorate-General for research and Innovation Directorate E Biotechnologies, Agriculture, Food Unit E2 Biotechnologies 2 20/09/10 12:26. European Commission . A decade of EU- funded GMO. research (2001 - 2010). Directorate-General for research and Innovation 2010 Biotechnologies, Agriculture, Food EUR 24473 EN. EUROPE DIRECT is a service to help you find answers to your questions about the European Union Freephone number (*): 00 800 6 7 8 9 10 11. (*) Certain mobile telephone operators do not allow access to 00 800 numbers or these calls may be billed LEGAL NOTICE.
4 Neither the European Commission nor any person acting on behalf of the Commission is responsible for the use which might be made of the following INFORMATION . The views expressed in this publication are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Commission . More INFORMATION on the European Union is available on the Internet ( ). Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2010. ISBN 978-92-79-16344-9. doi Cover pictures: Fotolia European Union, 2010. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged. Printed in Belgium PRINTED ON ELEMENTAL CHLORINE-FREE BLEACHED PAPER (ECF). 4. Table of contents Introduction 7. Foreword 9.
5 A decade of EU- funded GMO research [ 2001 - 2010 ] 15. Chapter 1. Environmental Impacts of GMO 19. European Rice: Transgenes for crop protection against fungal diseases 24. [ EURICE ]. Making plants resistant to plant parasitic nematodes: No access No feeding 28. [ NONEMA ]. Evaluating new traits for potato in the Central Andes with an appropriate poverty focus 34. [ POTATO TRAITS FOR AN ]. Assessment of the environmental and agronomic appropriateness 38. of Bt transgenic cotton in small-producer IPM systems in China [ COTRAN ]. An ecologically safe selection system for transgenic crops based on modified plant-tubulin genes 40. [ ECOTUB ]. Biosafety research directed at more sustainable food production 44. [ ECOSAFE ]. Ciliates as monitors for environmental safety of GMO 48.
6 [ CIMES ]. Effects and mechanisms of Bt transgenes on biodiversity of non-target insects: 52. pollinators, herbivores and their natural enemies [ BT-BIONOTA ]. Impact of three selected biotechnological strategies for potato pathogen control 58. on the indigenous soil microbiota [ POTATOCONTROL ]. Testing integrated GM-rhizoremediation systems for soil bioremediation 62. [ RHIZOREMEDIATION ]. Developing wheat with enhanced nitrogen use efficiency 64. towards a sustainable system of production [ SUSTAIN ]. Analysis of geneflow from crop to wild forms in lettuce and chicory and 68. its population-ecological consequences in the context of GM-crop biosafety [ ANGEL ]. Gene flow from transgenic plants: evaluation and biotechnology 72. [ TRANSBAC ]. Protecting the benefits of Bt-toxins from insect resistance development 76.
7 By monitoring and management [ PROBENBT ]. 5. Development and risk assessment of a field-based portable 82. biosensor using genetically modified bioluminescent bacteria [ BIOGEM ]. Environmental impact assessment of transgenic grapevines 86. and plums on the diversity and dynamics of virus populations [ TRANSVIR ]. Control of flowering time for sustainable and competitive agriculture and forestry 90. [ CONFLOW ]. Soil ecological and economic evaluation of genetically modified crops 98. [ ECOGEN ]. Developing efficient and stable biological containment systems for genetically modified plants 106. [ TRANSCONTAINER ]. Sustainable introduction of GM crops to European agriculture 112. [ SIGMEA ]. Acquired environmental epigenetics advances: from Arabidopsis to maize 124.
8 [ AENEAS ]. Chapter 2. GMO and Food Safety 127. New technology in food science facing the multiplicity of new released GMOs 134. [ GMOCHIPS ]. Safety evaluation of horizontal gene transfer from genetically modified 138. organisms to the microflora of the food chain and human gut [ GMOBILITY ]. European network on safety assessment of genetically modified food crops 142. [ ENTRANSFOOD ]. Reliable, standardised, specific, quantitative detection of genetically modified food 150. [ QPCRGMOFOOD ]. New methods for the safety testing of transgenic food 154. [ SAFOTEST ]. New methodologies for assessing the potential of unintended effects 158. in genetically modified food crops [ GMOCARE ]. Expression profiles as fingerprints for the safety evaluation 164. of new strains, including GMOs used in bioprocessed food [ EXPRESS FINGERPRINTS ].
9 Development of a capacitance-based immunodetection analyser for the assay of GMOs in foods 170. [ IMAGEMO ]. Quantitative risk assessment strategies for novel foods 174. [ NOFORISK ]. Biomarkers for post-market monitoring of short- and long-term effects 178. of genetically modified organisms on animal and human health [ GMSAFOOD ]. 6. Chapter 3. GMOs for biomaterials and biofuels . 181. Emerging technologies Industrial crops producing added-value oils for novel chemicals 186. [ ICON ]. Enhancing poplar traits for energy applications 188. [ ENERGYPOPLAR ]. Rational design of plant systems for sustainable generation 190. of value-added industrial products [ SMARTCELL ]. Systematic analysis of factors controlling meiotic recombination in higher plants 192. [ MEIOSYS ].
10 Recombination: an old and new tool for plant breeding 194. [ RECBREED ]. Plant terpenoids for human health: a chemical and genomic approach 196. to identify and produce bioactive compounds [ TERPMED ]. Improving plant cell walls for use as a renewable industrial feedstock 198. [ RENEWAL ]. EU-based production and exploitation of alternative rubber and latex sources 200. [ EU-PEARLS ]. Plant production of vaccines 202. [ PLAPROVA ]. Chapter 4. Risk assessment and management . 205. Policy support and communication Virus-resistant transgenic plants: ecological impact of gene flow 212. [ VRTP IMPACT ]. Results and perspectives on the coexistence and traceability of GM and non-GM supply chains 216. [ CO-EXTRA ]. A European initiative to enhance communication regarding GMO biosafety research 224.