1 KI-NA-24473-EN-C. European European Food, Agriculture &. Commission research Area Fisheries & Biotechnology A decade of EU- funded GMO research (2001 - 2010). This publication summarises the results of 50 selected research projects on genetically modified organisms (GMO), co- funded by the European Commission A decade of under the Framework Programmes for research and Innovation, and conducted in the period 2001 - 2010, EU- funded including a summary of the latest Eurobarometer survey 2010 on Life Sciences and Biotechnology. GMO research The projects presented here address areas of major public concern in relation to GMO: environmental impact of GMOs, food safety aspects, risk assessment (2001 - 2010).
2 Of GMOs and risk management and finally aspects of genetic modification of plants and/or microorganisms related to biomass and biofuel production. The publication is complemented by a number of highly valuable contributions of distinguished scientists, renowned experts in their respective fields. PROJECT INFORMATION . 1 20/09/10 12:26. Interested in European research ? research *eu is our monthly magazine keeping you in touch with main developments (results, programmes, events, etc.). It is available in English, French, German and Spanish. A free sample copy or free subscription can be obtained from: European Commission Directorate-General for research Communication Unit B-1049 Brussels Fax (32-2) 29-58220.
3 E-mail: How to obtain EU publications Internet: Free publications: via EU Bookshop ( );. at the European Commission 's representations or delegations. You can obtain their contact details on the Internet ( ) or by sending a fax to +352 2929-42758. Priced publications: via EU Bookshop ( );. Priced subscriptions ( annual series of the Official Journal of the European Union and reports of cases before the Court of Justice of the European Union): via one of the sales agents of the Publications Office of the European Union ( ). European Commission . Directorate-General for research and Innovation Directorate E Biotechnologies, Agriculture, Food Unit E2 Biotechnologies 2 20/09/10 12:26.
4 European Commission . A decade of EU- funded GMO. research (2001 - 2010). Directorate-General for research and Innovation 2010 Biotechnologies, Agriculture, Food EUR 24473 EN. EUROPE DIRECT is a service to help you find answers to your questions about the European Union Freephone number (*): 00 800 6 7 8 9 10 11. (*) Certain mobile telephone operators do not allow access to 00 800 numbers or these calls may be billed LEGAL NOTICE. Neither the European Commission nor any person acting on behalf of the Commission is responsible for the use which might be made of the following INFORMATION . The views expressed in this publication are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Commission .
5 More INFORMATION on the European Union is available on the Internet ( ). Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2010. ISBN 978-92-79-16344-9. doi Cover pictures: Fotolia European Union, 2010. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged. Printed in Belgium PRINTED ON ELEMENTAL CHLORINE-FREE BLEACHED PAPER (ECF). 4. Table of contents Introduction 7. Foreword 9. A decade of EU- funded GMO research [ 2001 - 2010 ] 15. Chapter 1. Environmental Impacts of GMO 19. European Rice: Transgenes for crop protection against fungal diseases 24. [ EURICE ]. Making plants resistant to plant parasitic nematodes: No access No feeding 28.
6 [ NONEMA ]. Evaluating new traits for potato in the Central Andes with an appropriate poverty focus 34. [ POTATO TRAITS FOR AN ]. Assessment of the environmental and agronomic appropriateness 38. of Bt transgenic cotton in small-producer IPM systems in China [ COTRAN ]. An ecologically safe selection system for transgenic crops based on modified plant-tubulin genes 40. [ ECOTUB ]. Biosafety research directed at more sustainable food production 44. [ ECOSAFE ]. Ciliates as monitors for environmental safety of GMO 48. [ CIMES ]. Effects and mechanisms of Bt transgenes on biodiversity of non-target insects: 52. pollinators, herbivores and their natural enemies [ BT-BIONOTA ].
7 Impact of three selected biotechnological strategies for potato pathogen control 58. on the indigenous soil microbiota [ POTATOCONTROL ]. Testing integrated GM-rhizoremediation systems for soil bioremediation 62. [ RHIZOREMEDIATION ]. Developing wheat with enhanced nitrogen use efficiency 64. towards a sustainable system of production [ SUSTAIN ]. Analysis of geneflow from crop to wild forms in lettuce and chicory and 68. its population-ecological consequences in the context of GM-crop biosafety [ ANGEL ]. Gene flow from transgenic plants: evaluation and biotechnology 72. [ TRANSBAC ]. Protecting the benefits of Bt-toxins from insect resistance development 76.
8 By monitoring and management [ PROBENBT ]. 5. Development and risk assessment of a field-based portable 82. biosensor using genetically modified bioluminescent bacteria [ BIOGEM ]. Environmental impact assessment of transgenic grapevines 86. and plums on the diversity and dynamics of virus populations [ TRANSVIR ]. Control of flowering time for sustainable and competitive agriculture and forestry 90. [ CONFLOW ]. Soil ecological and economic evaluation of genetically modified crops 98. [ ECOGEN ]. Developing efficient and stable biological containment systems for genetically modified plants 106. [ TRANSCONTAINER ]. Sustainable introduction of GM crops to European agriculture 112.
9 [ SIGMEA ]. Acquired environmental epigenetics advances: from Arabidopsis to maize 124. [ AENEAS ]. Chapter 2. GMO and Food Safety 127. New technology in food science facing the multiplicity of new released GMOs 134. [ GMOCHIPS ]. Safety evaluation of horizontal gene transfer from genetically modified 138. organisms to the microflora of the food chain and human gut [ GMOBILITY ]. European network on safety assessment of genetically modified food crops 142. [ ENTRANSFOOD ]. Reliable, standardised, specific, quantitative detection of genetically modified food 150. [ QPCRGMOFOOD ]. New methods for the safety testing of transgenic food 154. [ SAFOTEST ]. New methodologies for assessing the potential of unintended effects 158.
10 In genetically modified food crops [ GMOCARE ]. Expression profiles as fingerprints for the safety evaluation 164. of new strains, including GMOs used in bioprocessed food [ EXPRESS FINGERPRINTS ]. Development of a capacitance-based immunodetection analyser for the assay of GMOs in foods 170. [ IMAGEMO ]. Quantitative risk assessment strategies for novel foods 174. [ NOFORISK ]. Biomarkers for post-market monitoring of short- and long-term effects 178. of genetically modified organisms on animal and human health [ GMSAFOOD ]. 6. Chapter 3. GMOs for biomaterials and biofuels . 181. Emerging technologies Industrial crops producing added-value oils for novel chemicals 186.