Search results with tag "Congressional research service"
Oct 04, 2021 · Congressional Research Service R44307 · VERSION 15 · UPDATED 5 Author Information John F. Sargent Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy Disclaimer This document was prepared by the Congressional Research Service (CRS). CRS serves as nonpartisan shared staff to congressional committees and Members of Congress.
Mexico: Organized Crime and Drug Trafficking Organizations Congressional Research Service 2 Figure 1. Map of Mexico Source: Congressional Research Service (CRS). Violence is an intrinsic feature of the trade in illicit drugs.
Library of Congress offers a database of recently discussed Congressional bills on a website called “Thomas” which can be found at thomas.loc.gov/. The Congressional Research Service (CRS) provides members of Congress with nonpartisan research and analysis of issues. Although these reports are not directly
Women in Combat: Issues for Congress Congressional Research Service 2 World War II and the Women’s Armed Services Integration Act In the earlier part of the 20th century, the idea of enlisting women into the armed services was met with broad opposition from military commanders, Congress, and the public.
Women in Combat: Issues for Congress Congressional Research Service 2 World War II and the Women’s Armed Services Integration Act In the earlier part of the 20th century, the idea of enlisting women into the armed services was met with broad opposition …
Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits Congressional Research Service 2 Service protection.6 In 1994, the law was amended to limit U.S. Secret Service coverage to 10 years for any President who entered office after January 1, 1997.7 President George W. Bush and his wife Laura Bush would have been the first former President and first lady who faced this
Aug 20, 2021 · Congressional Research Service 1 Introduction The National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) declared February 2020 as the start of the most recent economic downturn, marking the end of the longest period of expansion in U.S. history.1 This expansion followed the Great Recession (December 2007 to June 2009), a
This document was prepared by the Congressional Research Service (CRS). CRS serves as nonpartisan shared staff to congressional committees and Members of Congress. It operates solely at the behest of and under the direction of Congress.
Mar 23, 2020 · This document was prepared by the Congressional Research Service (CRS). CRS serves as nonpartisan shared staff to congressional committees and Members of Congress. It operates solely at the behest of and under the direction of Congress.
Jan 22, 2021 · Venezuela: Overview of U.S. Sanctions https://crsreports.congress.gov | IF10715 · VERSION 35 · UPDATED IF10715 Disclaimer This document was prepared by the Congressional Research Service (CRS). CRS serves as nonpartisan shared staff to congressional committees and Members of Congress.
Nov 15, 2021 · This document was prepared by the Congressional Research Service (CRS). CRS serves as nonpartisan shared staff to congressional committees and Members of Congress. It operates solely at the behest of and under the direction of Congress.
Tax Havens: International Tax Avoidance and Evasion Congressional Research Service Summary Addressing tax evasion and avoidance through use of tax havens has been the subject of a number
Congressional Research Service 2 (1) private industry standards, (2) federal government standards, and (3) state and local government standards. Figure 1 provides an overview of the accounting and auditing standard-setters for the different segments that will be discussed in this report. Figure 1. Accounting and Auditing Standard-Setters Source ...
Congressional Research Service 1 War Dates Congress, usually through a declaration of war, has often been the first governmental authority to designate the beginning date of a war or armed conflict. The President, or executive branch officials responsible to him, through proclamation, or Congress, through legislation, has been
Feb 04, 2005 · Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Order Code RL32561 Risk Management and Critical Infrastructure Protection: Assessing, Integrating, and Managing Threats, Vulnerabilities and Consequences Updated February 4, 2005 John Moteff Specialist in Science and Technology Policy
Sep 19, 2018 · International Law and Agreements: Their Effect upon U.S. Law Congressional Research Service Summary International law is derived from two primary sources—international agreements and customary practice. Under the U.S. legal system, international agreements can be entered into by means of a treaty or an executive agreement.
Jul 29, 2020 · Congressional Research Service Summary This report provides U.S. war casualty statistics. It includes data tables containing the number of casualties among American military personnel who served in principal wars and combat operations from 1775 to the present. It also includes data on those wounded in action and
The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11 Congressional Research Service Summary With enactment of the FY2014 Consolidated ...
Rare Earth Elements: The Global Supply Chain Congressional Research Service Summary The concentration of production of rare earth elements (REEs) outside the United States raises the
Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Processes, and Effects Congressional Research Service RL34680 · VERSION 28 · UPDATED 1 Budget Negotiations and Choices It has been said that “conflict is endemic to budgeting.”1 If conflict within Congress or between Congress and the President impedes the timely enactment of annual appropriations acts or
Statutory Interpretation: General Principles and Recent Trends Congressional Research Service Summary The exercise of the judicial power of the United …
Overseas Contingency Operations Funding: Background and Status Congressional Research Service Summary The Department of Defense (DOD) estimates that …
Summary of Potential Employer Penalties Under PPACA Congressional Research Service 4 penalty for an employer would be limited to the total number of the firm’s full-time employees minus 30, multiplied by one-twelfth of $2,000 for any applicable month.
China’s Actions in South and East China Seas: Implications for U.S. Interests Congressional Research Service Summary China’s actions in recent years in the …
The Pigford Cases: USDA Settlement of Discrimination Suits by Black Farmers Congressional Research Service Summary On April 14, 1999, Judge Paul L. Friedman of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia
Banking Law: An Overview of Federal Preemption in the Dual Banking System Jay B. Sykes Legislative Attorney January 23, 2018 Congressional Research Service
Federal Emergency Management Policy Changes After Hurricane Katrina Congressional Research Service Summary Reports issued by committees of the 109th Congress, the White House, federal offices of Inspector General, and the Government Accountability Office (GAO), among others, concluded that the
Congressional Research Service 3 which had started in neighboring Tunisia, compelled the military to force the resignation of former President Hosni Mubarak in February 2011. During this period, Egypt experienced tremendous political tumult, culminating in Morsi’s one-year presidency. When Morsi took office
Congressional Research Service SUMMARY ... which ran through FY2018. Israel is the first international operator of the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, the Department of Defense’s fifth-generation stealth aircraft, considered to be the most technologically advanced fighter jet ever made. ... Veterans Affairs Appropriations Act, 2021 (which passed ...
Congressional Research Service 3 groups restrict membership based on a number of factors, including race, ethnicity, kinship, and criminal background. These criminal organizations continue, even if leadership or membership changes over time. Further, violence and/or the threat of violence are integral aspects of organized crime.
Offender Reentry: Correctional Statistics, Reintegration into the Community Congressional Research Service 1 Background Over 95% of the prison population today will be released at some point in the future.1 Since 1990, an average of 590,400 inmates have been released annually from state and federal prisons.2 The Department of Justice’s (DOJ’s) Bureau of …
The Definition of “Supervisor” Under the National Labor Relations Act Congressional Research Service 1 he National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) establishes certain protections for private sector employees who want to form or join a labor union. These protections do …
Feb 18, 2020 · These cuts and policy changes may be shifting some of the costs associated with workplace injuries, illnesses, and deaths away from the employer and to the employee or social programs, ... Congressional Research Service 3 Employer Defenses Prior to workers’ compensation, in addition to having to prove negligence on the part of the
Navy Lasers, Railgun, and Gun-Launched Guided Projectile Congressional Research Service 1 Introduction Issue for Congress This report provides background information and issues for Congress on three potential new ship-
Jun 15, 2021 · Congressional Research Service 1 Introduction Social Security’s minimum benefit provision, the Special Minimum Primary Insurance Amount (PIA), is an alternative benefit formula that increases benefits paid to workers who had low earnings for many years and to their dependents and survivors. Unlike the regular Social Security
Congressional Research Service 1 Introduction The rapid growth of digital technologies in recent years has created new opportunities for U.S. consumers and businesses but also new challenges in international trade. For example, consumers today access e-commerce, social media, telemedicine, and other offerings not imagined thirty years ago.
CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Costs of Major U.S. Wars Stephen Daggett Specialist in Defense Policy and Budgets June 29, 2010 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov RS22926
Congressional Research Service 1 Introduction This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) class nuclear-powered aircraft carrier (CVN) aircraft carrier program. The Navy’s proposed FY2022 budget requests $2,659.5 million (i.e., about $2.7 billion) in
ongoing Library initiatives such as the Veterans’ History Project. o Of the amount for the Library, the bill includes $129.1 million for Congressional Research Service, an increase of $3.6 million above FY 2021 level.
Congressional Research Service Summary Congress’s contempt power is the means by which Congress responds to certain acts that in its view obstruct the legislative process. Contempt may be used either to coerce compliance, to punish the contemnor, and/or to remove the obstruction. Although arguably any action that
Jan 26, 2021 · Congressional Research Service 1 Overview The low-income housing tax credit (LIHTC) program, which was created by the Tax Reform Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-514), is the federal government’s primary policy tool for the development of affordable rental housing. LIHTCs are awarded to developers to offset the cost of constructing
Feb 21, 2020 · Federal Land Ownership: Overview and Data Congressional Research Service Summary The federal government owns roughly 640 million acres, about 28% of the 2.27 billion acres of land in the United States. Four major federal land management agencies administer 606.5 million acres of this land (as of September 30, 2018).
Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Order Code RL33729 Federal Emergency Management Policy Changes After Hurricane Katrina: A Summary of Statutory Provisions November 15, 2006 Keith Bea, Coordinator Specialist, American National Government Government and Finance Division
Congressional Research Service Summary The economic and trade relationship with Mexico is of interest to U.S. policymakers because of Mexico¶s proximity to the United States, the extensive trade and investment relationship under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the conclusion of the NAFTA
May 24, 2017 · The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Congressional Research Service Summary The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) entered into force on January 1, 1994. The agreement was signed by President George H. W. Bush on December 17, 1992, and approved by Congress on November 20, 1993. The NAFTA …
Jun 11, 2021 · Afghanistan: Background and U.S. Policy: In Brief Congressional Research Service 2 diplomatic position.”6 In October 2020, Afghan forces killed a high-ranking AQ operative in Afghanistan’s Ghazni province, where he reportedly was living and working with Taliban forces, further underscoring questions about
Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Order Code RL32205 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Import Terminals:
Apr 13, 2017 · Congressional Nominations to U.S. Service Academies: An Overview Congressional Research Service 2 as long as nominations are submitted by deadlines established by the academies,6 provide the information requested in the format required by …
Research and Development Funding and Performance, Congressional Research Service, Policy, Congressional, Trafficking, Congress, Library of Congress, Of Congress, Research, Unemployment, Sanctions, Overview, Accounting and Auditing Regulatory Structure, Standard, Periods of War and Dates of Recent Conflicts, Risk Management and Critical Infrastructure, Congress CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web, International, Treaty, War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and, Global, Government, Statutory Interpretation, Overseas Contingency Operations, Pigford, An Overview of Federal Preemption in, Federal Emergency Management Policy Changes, Tunisia, Political, Foreign Aid to Israel, FY2018, Veterans Affairs Appropriations, Organized Crime in the United States: Trends and Issues, Organizations, Offender Reentry: Correctional Statistics, Reintegration, Offender Reentry: Correctional Statistics, Reintegration into, The Definition of 'Supervisor' Under the National Labor, The Definition of “Supervisor” Under the National Labor Relations, Relations, Workers’ Compensation: Overview and Issues, Report, Library, The Library, Low-income housing tax, CRS Report for Congress, Congress CRS Report for Congress, Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and, Trade, North American Free Trade Agreement NAFTA, CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web