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A Tutorial on Hybrid Electric Vehicles: EV, HEV, PHEV and FCEV


Buck/boost converter specific power, kW/kg 30/~7.6=~3.9 20/4.8=4.2 Buck/boost converter power density, kW/L 30/2.9=10 20/5.9=3.41 1 This low converter power density is largely the result of the non-optimal packaging of the converter

  Converter, Boost, Buck, Buck boost converter

ADC0808/ADC0809 8-Bit P Compatible A/D Converters with 8 …


The converter is partitioned into 3 major sections: the 256R ladder network, the successive approximation register, and the comparator. The converter's digital outputs are positive true. The 256R ladder network approach (Figure 3) was chosen over the conventional R/2R ladder because of its inherent monotonicity, which ensures no missing digital ...

  Converter, Digital

Know a Battery’s State-of-Charge By Counting Coulombs


converter is used (it can step voltages up or down) it will allow the battery’s full operating ... LTC3335 buck-boost converter with integrated coulomb counter, has all of these attributes already. The device was designed for primary battery applications that need ... The LTC3335 is a nanopower high efficiency synchronous buck-boost converter ...

  With, Converter, Step, Integrated, Synchronous, Down, Converter with integrated

Line Reactors and AC Drives - Rockwell Automation


high enough, a failure of the semiconductors in the DC converter may also result. Sometimes a reactor is used to “Buffer from the line”. While a DC link choke, if present, will protect against a current surge, it cannot protect the converter from a voltage spike since a link choke is located after the converter (refer to figure 1c).

  Automation, Converter, Rockwell automation, Rockwell, Creator, Dc converter

Omni ision Preliminary Datasheet Advanced Information


A/D Converters After the Analog Processing block, the bayer pattern Raw signal is fed to a 10-bit analog-to-digital (A/D) converter shared by G and BR channels. This A/D converter operates at speeds up to 12 MHz and is fully synchronous to the pixel rate …

  Datasheet, Converter, A d converter

Analog to Digital ADC and Digital to Analog DAC Converters


Analog to Digital Converters (ADCs) are used to convert analog signals to digital signals. Inversely, the computer output that is in digital form must sometimes be converted to an analog signal prior to input to an electronic or electrical device. Digital to Analog Converters (DACs) are used to perform this operation. In this

  Converter, Digital, Digital converter

ABB drives - Technical guide No. 4, Guide to variable ...


This control can be achieved using a frequency converter. As the name suggests, a frequency converter changes the frequency of the alternating current and voltage. A frequency converter con-sists of three parts. Regular 50 Hz 3-phase current is fed in to the rectifier part, which converts it to direct current. The DC voltage

  Converter, Frequency, Voltage, Frequency converter

1.5MHz, 1A, High Efficiency PWM Step-Down DC-DC Converter


1.5MHz, 1A, High Efficiency PWM Step-Down DC-DC Converter General Description The RT8010/A is a high efficiency Pulse-Width-Modulated (PWM) step-down DC-DC converter. Capable of delivering 1A output current over a wide input voltage range from 2.5V to 5.5V, the RT8010/A is ideally suited for portable electronic devices that are powered from 1 ...

  Converter, Dc converter

Conversions analogique - numérique et numérique - …


par des convertisseurs analogique – numérique (CAN, ou ADC pour Analog to Digital Converter en anglais 1) et numérique – analogique (CNA, ou DAC pour Digital to Analog Converter ). Le rôle d’un CAN est de convertir un signal analogique en un signal numérique

  Converter, Analog, Digital, Digital to analog converter, Analog converter

DC-DC Converters Feedback and Control - ON Semiconductor


Compensating the converter Compensating with a TL431 Watch the optocoupler! ... In a CCM boost, I ... If D brutally increases, D' reduces and I out drops! What matters is the inductor current slew-rate Occurs in flybacks, buck-boost, Cuk etc. dV t L ( ) dt. www.onsemi.com 15 The Right-Half-Plane-Zero

  Converter, Boost, Buck

Quick Guide VLT Micro Drive FC 51 - Danfoss


Ground the frequency converter properly. • The [Off/Reset] key is not a safety switch. It does not disconnect the frequency converter from mains. 1.3 Installation 1. Disconnect the VLT® Micro Drive FC 51 from mains (and external DC supply, if present). 2. Wait for 4 minutes (M1, M2, and M3) and 15 minutes (M4 and M5) for discharge of the DC ...

  Drive, Converter, Micro, Micro drive fc 51

Motor Control Systems and Design - Analog Devices


Integrated, Isolated DC-to- Converters .7. Power Management. ... AC C DC V DC V DC I AC I I V ADP3634 W T C RS-485 RS-232 CAN UART PWM TRIP Trip GPIO SINC ADC Mux QEP SPI I2C Power Reset CAN ADM2682 ADP121 ADP7102 ... Power dc-to-dc converter into a single package . The devices are powered by a single

  Devices, Converter, Analog devices, Analog, Isolated, Dc converter, Isolated dc

LM2907 and LM2917 Frequency to Voltage Converter …


frequency-to-voltage converters with a high gain op amp designed to operate a relay, lamp, or other load when the input frequency reaches or exceeds a selected rate. The tachometer uses a charge pump technique and offers frequency doubling for low-ripple, full-input protection in two versions (8-pin LM2907 and LM2917), and its output swings to


BUCK Converter Control Cookbook - aosmd.com


A Buck converter consists of the power stage and feedback control circuit. The power stage includes power switch and output filter. It converts a higher input voltage to a lower output voltage. ... current increases at a constant slew rate decided by input voltage, output voltage, inductance and switching frequency. The

  Control, Constant, Converter, Buck, Cookbook, Buck converter control cookbook

11-Bit/16-Bit, 12 GSPS, RF Digital-to-Analog Converters ...


digital-to-analog converters (DACs) that supports data rates to 6 GSPS. The DAC core is based on a quad-switch architecture ... A serial peripheral interface (SPI) can configure the . AD9161 / AD9162 and monitor the status of all registers. The AD9161/ AD9162 are offered in an 165-ball, 8.0 mm × 8.0 mm, 0.5 mm

  Serial, Converter, Analog, Digital, Analog converter

STM32F415xx STM32F417xx - STMicroelectronics


• 3×12-bit, 2.4 MSPS A/D converters: up to 24 channels and 7.2 MSPS in triple interleaved mode • 2×12-bit D/A converters • General-purpose DMA: 16-stream DMA controller with FIFOs and burst support • Up to 17 timers: up to twelve 16-bit and two 32-bit timers up to 168 MHz, each with up to 4 IC/OC/PWM or pulse counter and quadrature


MCP3021 Low-Power 10-Bit A/D Converter with I2C Interface ...


Nov 07, 2016 · • Remote or Isolated Data Acquisition General Description Microchip’s MCP3021 is a successive approximation A/D converter (ADC) with a 10-bit resolution. Available in the SOT-23 package, this device provides one single-ended input with very low-power consumption. Based on an advanced CMOS technology, the

  Converter, Isolated

AN4539 Application note - STMicroelectronics


people not familiar with the HRTIM.The second part is a collection of converter recipes to use when starting a new design, either to pick up a ready-made code example, or to get ideas and programming tricks when dealing with a topology not described in this document. This cookbook does not cover the converter design itself (control techniques and

  Notes, Applications, Converter, An4539 application note, An4539

CCG Series Datasheet - TDK


13.2 to 30W DC-DC Converters CCG15-30W Series 1 Features Benefits The 1” x 1” footprint CCG15 and CCG30 series of isolated DC-DC converters operate from wide range 9 to 36Vdc or 18 to 76V inputs with 15W and 30W power levels and output voltages from 3.3V to 30V (1). Single output models can be adjusted -10% to +10% by using the trim terminal.


MT-023: ADC Architectures IV: Sigma-Delta ... - Analog


While older integrating architectures such as dual-slope are still used in digital voltmeters, CMOS Σ-Δ ADCs are the dominant converter for today's industrial measurement applications. These converters offer excellent 50-Hz/60-Hz power line common-mode rejection and

  Architecture, Converter, Analog, Digital

Description Pin Assignments - Diodes Incorporated


1.5MHZ, 1A STEP-DOWN DC-DC BUCK CONVERTER Description The AP3428/A is a 1A step-down DC-DC converter. At heavy load, the constant-frequency PWM control performs excellent stability and transient response. No external compensation components are required. The AP3428/A supports a range of input voltages from 2.5V to 5.5V,

  Converter, Step, Descriptions, Down, Converter description

Microcontroller with 64K Bytes In-System Programmable Flash


A/D Converter PA7..0 PORT B (8) PB7..0. 4 2593O–AVR–02/12 ATmega644 The AVR core combines a rich instruction set with 32 general purpose working registers. All the 32 registers are directly connected to the Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU), allowing two independent

  Converter, D converter

18-Bit ADC with I2C Interface and Onboard Reference


Mar 26, 2009 · • Temperature Sensing with RTD, Thermistor, and Thermocouple • Bridge Sensing for Pressure, Strain, and Force. Package Types Description The MCP3421 is a single channel low-noise, high accuracy ΔΣ A/D converter with differential inputs and up to 18 bits of resolution in a small SOT-23-6 package. The on-board precision 2.048V reference voltage

  Converter, Temperatures

heated bedding - Scene7


9. Be sure that this heated product is used only on an AC supply circuit of the proper voltage. Do not use with an extension cord. Do not use with generators, power converters or inverters. 10. Turn off or unplug this heated product when not in use. 11. Excessive heating may result from folding or bunching this heated product while in use. 12.

  Converter, Inverter

DC/DC Converter DC/DCコンバータ セレクションガイド


01 dc/dcコンバータセレクションガイド dc/dcコンバータセレクションガイド 新製品new 超ローパワースイッチングレギュレータ p.02 高降圧比スイッチングレギュレータ p.03 12v入力 高効率 3a スイッチングレギュレータ p.04 超小型・低リンギングスイッチングレギュレータ p.05

  Converter, Dc dc converters

MCP3561/2/4 Family Data Sheet - Microchip Technology


Delta-Sigma Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADCs) with programmable data rate of up to 153.6 ksps. They offer integrated features, such as internal oscillator, tem-perature sensor and burnout sensor detection, in order to reduce system component count and total solution cost.

  Sheet, Data, Family, Converter, Analog, Digital, Ksps, To digital converter, Mcp3561 2 4 family data sheet, Mcp3561

here to ask about the production status of specific part …


Input Capacitance CIN 5 pF ... to-Digital Converter (0°C to +1024°C) Figure 2. SO Output Figure 1b. Serial Interface Timing Figure 1a. Serial Interface Protocol BIT DUMMY SIGN BIT 12-BIT TEMPERATURE READING THERMOCOUPLE INPUT DEVICE ID STATE Bit 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

  Converter, Temperatures, Digital, Capacitance, To digital converter, Bit temperature

NCP81075 - Dual MOSFET Gate Driver, High Performance


MOSFETs in a synchronous buck converter. The NCP81075 uses an on−chip bootstrap diode to eliminate the external discrete diode. A high floating top driver design can accommodate HB voltage as high as 180 V. The low−side and high−side are independently controlled and match to 4 ns between the turn−on and turn−off of each other.

  Converter, Buck, Buck converter

Calculation of Power Loss (Synchronous) : Power Management


Calculation of Power Loss (Synchronous) This application note describes how to obtain the power loss required to calculate the temperature of a semiconductor device. Temperature control is important to ensuring product reliability. Figure 1 is a circuit diagram of a synchronous rectification type DC/DC converter. Figure 2 shows a switching node ...

  Power, Converter, Loss, Synchronous, A synchronous, Power loss

EX2100e Excitation Control - General Electric


Direct current (dc) rotating exciter regulator ... Power conversion consists of an input section, a dc link, and the converter output section. The input section is a 3-phase diode bridge with input filters. The system accepts a primary ac input range of 90 to 280 V rms, nominal for the 35 A system, and up to 480 V

  General, Control, Electric, Direct, Converter, Current, Excitation, Direct current, General electric, Ex2100e excitation control, Ex2100e

Multiple Range, 16-/12-Bit, Bipolar ... - Analog Devices


Open-/closed-loop servo control, process control Programmable logic controllers GENERAL DESCRIPTION The AD5761/AD5721 are single channel, 16-/12-bit serial input, voltage output, digital-to-analog converters (DACs). They operate from single supply voltages from +4.75 V to +30 V or dual supply voltages from −16.5 V to 0 V V SS and +4.75 V to ...

  Devices, Serial, Control, Converter, Analog devices, Analog, Digital, Analog converter

3 MSPS, 12-/10-/8-Bit ADCs in 6-Lead TSOT ... - Analog Devices


low power, successive approximation analog-to-digital converters (ADCs), respectively. The parts operate from a single 2.35 V to 3.6 V power supply and feature throughput rates of up to 3 MSPS. The parts contain a low noise, wide bandwidth track-and-hold amplifier that can handle input frequencies in excess of 55 MHz.

  Devices, Converter, Analog devices, Analog, Digital, To digital converter

Temperature Measurement with a Thermistor and an …


Notice how the resolution of the analog to digital converter (ADC) on the Ar-duino causes discontinuous jumps in the measured value of R t. When the value of Vo changes from 487 to 488, the value of Rt jumps from 10863 ... 485 10948.58 22.37 485 10948.58 22.37 485 10948.58 22.37 483 11034.78 22.17...

  With, Measurement, Converter, Temperatures, Thermistor, Temperature measurement with a thermistor

1FK7 Synchronous Motors - Siemens


1FK7 Synchronous Motors SINAMICS S120 Configuration Manual 12/2006 Edition. Foreword Motor Description 1 Application 2 Mechanical data 3 Electrical data 4 Configuration 5 ... documentation for the drive converter systems. Foreword Synchronous Motors 1FK7 8 Configuration Manual, (PFK7S), Edition 12.2006, 6SN1197-0AD16-0BP1

  Converter, Motor, Synchronous, 1fk7 synchronous motors, 1fk7

dsPIC33/PIC24 FRM, Inter-Integrated Circuit (I2C)


The Inter-Integrated Circuit (I 2C) module is a serial interface useful for communicating with other peripheral or microcontroller (MCU) devices. The external peripheral devices may be serial EEPROMs, display drivers, Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADC) and so on. The I2C module can operate as any one of the following in the I2C system ...

  Serial, Converter, Analog, Digital, To digital converter

Designing DC/DC converters based on SEPIC topology


nected in parallel with L1b, so the voltage across L1b is –V IN. The currents flowing through various cir-cuit components are shown in Figure 4. When Q1 is on, energy is being stored in L1a from the input and in L1b from C P. When Q1 turns off, L1a’s current continues to flow through C P and D1, and into COUT and the load. Both COUT and C

  Converter, Parallel

1719 Ex I/O - Rockwell Automation


The intrinsically safe inputs are galvanically isolated from the bus and the power supply. 1719-IT4B The thermocouple converter accepts thermocouple or mV signals from the field. Open circuit line fault alarms are detected. The intrinsically safe inputs are galvanically isolated from the bus and the power supply. Th ere is a functional isolation

  Automation, Converter, Rockwell automation, Rockwell, Isolated, 1971

LM2675 SIMPLE SWITCHER® Power Converter High …


the data sheet are selector guides for diodes and capacitors designed to work in switch-mode power supplies. Other features include ±1.5%-tolerance on output voltage within specified input voltages and output load conditions, and ±10% on the oscillator frequency. External shutdown is included, featuring typically 50-μA stand-by current.

  Sheet, Data, Converter, Data sheet



Remember the equation of torque = tension x radius is linear, so torque must be decreased (for unwinds) and increased (for rewinds) at a linear rate relative to roll radius. For example, if you start with a 17.5 inch roll radius (35 inch diameter) and unwind down to a 1.75 inch core radius (3.5 inch diameter); 17.5 divided by 1.75 is 10:1 ratio.

  Control, Converter, Torque, Mechanics, Tension, The mechanics of tension control

AD9221/AD9223/AD9220 Complete 12-Bit 1.5/3.0/10.0 MSPS ...


A/D GENERAL DESCRIPTION The AD9221, AD9223, and AD9220 are a generation of high performance, single supply 12-bit analog-to-digital converters. Each device exhibits true 12-bit linearity and temperature drift performance1 2as well as 11.5-bit or better ac performance. The AD9221/AD9223/AD9220 share the same interface options, package, and pinout.


NCP1342 - Quasi-Resonant Flyback Controller, High Frequency


NCP1342/D Quasi-Resonant Flyback Controller, High Frequency NCP1342 The NCP1342 is a highly integrated quasi−resonant flyback controller suitable for designing high−performance off−line power converters. With an integrated active X2 capacitor discharge feature, the NCP1342 can enable no−load power consumption below 30 mW.


Appendix I Synthesizable and Non-Synthesizable Verilog ...


Code converters, 49 Coding guidelines, 79 Combinational logic, 10, 27 Combinational loop, 245 Combinational path, 286 Combinational path group, 284 Combinational shifters, 192 Comparators, 46 Compile, 267 Compile-characterize, 302 Compiler, 314 Computational blocks, 386 Concentration and replication, 18 Concurrent, 10 Concurrent execution, 161


VESA – DisplayPortTM Alternate Mode on USB-CTM - …


• Protocol converters to VGA, DVI, or HDMI • Low voltage, AC coupled interface compatible with sub-micron process geometry, simplifying integration • Data scrambling and fixed link rates simplify EMI and RFI mitigation

  Converter, Compatible

UFiber UF-LOCO Quick Start Guide - Ubiquiti


converters are powered. Electrical Safety Information 1. Compliance is required with respect to voltage, frequency, and current requirements indicated on the manufacturer’s label. Connection to a different power source than those specified may result in improper operation, damage to the equipment or pose a fire hazard if the


14-Bit, 80 MSPS/155 MSPS, 1.8 V Dual Serial Output Analog


The AD9644 is a dual, 14-bit, analog-to-digital converter (ADC) ... the industrial temperature range of −40°C to +85°C. This product is protected by a U.S. patent. ... 2 Input capacitance refers to the effective capacitance between one differential input pin and AGND.

  Serial, Converter, Temperatures, Analog, Digital, Output, Capacitance, Digital to analog converter, Serial output analog

Efficiency of synchronous versus nonsynchronous buck ...


A synchronous converter with an integrated low-side MOSFET offers benefits such as reduced size, lower parts count, and easier design. However, if reducing cost is the ... 1. “4.5-V to 18-V, 3-A Output Synchronous Step Down Switcher with Integrated FET (SWIFT™),” TPS54325 Data Sheet.....slvs932a 2. “3A, 28V Input, Step Down SWIFT™ DC/DC

  With, Converter, Step, Integrated, Synchronous, Down, With integrated, Step down, Synchronous step down, A synchronous converter



This may be due to internal damage to the torque converter. To resolve the condition, repair or replace the affected internal transmission components as directed by the Service Procedure. Action: Follow the Service Procedure steps to correct the condition on vehicles that meet all of the following criteria: • 2013-2015 Escape • 1.6L ...

  Converter, Torque, Torque converter

DS STM32F42x 43x step2 - STMicroelectronics


• 2×12-bit D/A converters • General-purpose DMA: 16-stream DMA controller with FIFOs and burst support • Up to 17 timers: up to twelve 16-bit and two 32-bit timers up to 180 MHz, each with up to 4 IC/OC/PWM or pulse counter and quadrature (incremental) encoder input • Debug mode – SWD & JTAG interfaces – Cortex-M4 Trace Macrocell™


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