1 CALI FORN IA. Adaptation . Planning Guide . June 2020. California Adaptation Planning Guide . June 2020. Prepared By: The California Governor's Office of Emergency Services 3650 Schriever Avenue Mather, CA 95655. With Valuable Input From: Adaptation Planning Guide Interagency Planning Workgroup June 2020. California Adaptation Planning Guide June 2020. Dear Reader, The California Governor's Office of Emergency Services is pleased to present the 2020 update of the Adaptation Planning Guide . The Guide is designed to help local government, regional entities, and climate organizations incorporate best practices and current science and research into their Adaptation plans. The Adaptation Planning Guide update meets the requirements of Assembly Bill 246, which also established the Integrated Climate Adaptation and Resiliency Program to link the state's climate Adaptation strategies with local and regional efforts.
2 Since the first release of the Adaptation Planning Guide in 2012, California 's Adaptation program has progressed to include the Adaptation Clearinghouse hosted by the Governor's Office of Planning and Research; the Safeguarding California Plan: 2018 Update; California 's Fourth Climate Change Assessment; and Cal-Adapt, an interactive tool that helps users assess their climate risk. The Adaptation Planning Guide adds to California 's toolkit and will ultimately evolve to a web-based platform within the Adaptation Clearinghouse. During these uncertain times, addressing the impacts of climate change is more critical than ever to protect our communities, our infrastructure, our natural resources, and all Californians. Thank you to the many partner agencies and individuals who contributed their time, expertise, and input to the success of this next generation Adaptation Planning Guide .
3 Sincerely, MARK S. GHILARDUCCI. Director Governor's Office of Emergency Services June 2020 i California Adaptation Planning Guide Team Acknowledgements The California Governor's Office of Emergency Services (Cal OES) wishes to thank the members of the State Adaptation Planning Guide Interagency Planning Workgroup for their guidance and support in the development of the 2020 Adaption Planning Guide . Additionally, the contributions of representatives of federal, state, tribal, and local governments, regional entities, non-governmental and community-based organizations, and members of the public were invaluable. Principal Workgroup Members Cal OES Executive Staff Mark Ghilarducci Director Christina Curry Chief Deputy Director Cal OES Mitigation and Dam Safety Branch Jose Lara Chief, Mitigation and Dam Safety Branch Kendall Skillicorn Chief, State Mitigation Planning Division Megan Walton Senior Emergency Services Coordinator Derek Lambeth Project Lead, Emergency Services Coordinator Sarah Risher CivicSpark Fellow Miles Gordon CivicSpark Fellow Ken Worman Retired Annuitant Consultant Team PlaceWorks, Prime Consultant Tammy L.
4 Seale Project Manager, Associate Principal Eli Krispi Assistant Project Manager, Senior Associate In partnership with ICF, Climate Resolve, Michael R. Boswell, , AICP, and Adrienne I. Greve, June 2020 iii Interagency Planning Workgroup The California Governor's Office of Emergency Services Governor's Office of Planning and Research Integrated Climate Adaptation and Resiliency Program California Natural Resources Agency California Department of Public Health California Department of Water Resources California Energy Commission California Environmental Justice Alliance California Governor's Office of Emergency Services California Governor's Office of Planning and Research California Housing and Community Development California Department of Parks and Recreation California State Coastal Conservancy City of Oakland City of San Diego City of Santa Cruz Delta Stewardship Council Department of Transportation Leadership
5 Counsel for Justice and Accountability Local Government Commission National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Sacramento Municipal Utility District and the Capital Region Climate Collaborative Town of Mammoth Lakes Tulare County Tulare Irrigation District United States Geological Survey iv California Adaptation Planning Guide Table of Contents Introduction 1. What Is the APG?.. 2. Who Developed the APG and Why? .. 7. Who Should Use the APG? .. 10. How Should the APG Be Used? .. 11. What Is Climate Adaptation Planning ? .. 14. How Is California Vulnerable to Climate Change?.. 21. What Are the State's Climate Resilience Efforts? .. 24. How Is Equity Integrated into Climate Change Adaptation Planning ?.. 28. How Is Uncertainty Addressed in Climate Adaptation Planning ?
6 30. Who Should Be Involved?.. 30. Wrap-Up .. 31. Phase 1: Define, Explore, and Initiate 33. Step : Confirm Motivation and Scope of the Process and Outcome .. 35. Step : Assemble Project Team(s) and Resources.. 48. Step : Identify Community Climate Effects and Elements .. 56. Step : Prepare an Equitable Outreach and Engagement Approach .. 67. Phase 1 Wrap-Up.. 78. Phase 2: Assess Vulnerability 79. Step : Exposure.. 82. Step : Sensitivity and Potential Impacts .. 88. Step : Adaptive Capacity .. 94. Step : Vulnerability Scoring.. 98. Step : Outreach and Engagement.. 102. Phase 2 Wrap-Up.. 104. Phase 3: Define Adaptation Framework and Strategies 105. Step : Summarize Vulnerability.. 107. Step : Confirm Vision and Goals.. 109. Step : Prepare Adaptation Strategies.
7 111. Step : Prioritize Adaptation Strategies.. 123. Step : Conduct Outreach and Engagement .. 127. Phase 3 Wrap-Up.. 134. June 2020 v Phase 4: Implement, Monitor, Evaluate, and Adjust 135. Community and Stakeholder Engagement in Phase 4.. 136. Step : Implement.. 136. Step : Monitor.. 148. Step : Evaluate.. 150. Step : Adjust.. 151. Phase 4 Wrap-Up.. 153. Definitions 155. Appendix A: Sector Summaries A-1. Agriculture Sector .. A-1. Biodiversity and Habitat Sector .. A-4. Emergency Management Sector .. A-8. Energy Sector.. A-11. Forests Sector .. A-15. Land Use and Community Development Sector.. A-17. Ocean and Coast Sector.. A-19. Parks, Recreation, and California Culture Sector.. A-21. Public Health Sector.. A-23. Transportation Sector.
8 A-25. Water Sector.. A-28. Appendix B: Adaptation Pathways: An Overview B-1. Steps to Taking an Adaptation Pathways Approach.. B-6. Appendix C: Adaptation Planning Resources C-1. State of California Resources .. C-1. Federal Resources .. C-5. Nongovernmental Resources.. C-6. vi California Adaptation Planning Guide Appendix D: Examples of Local Adaptation Strategies by Sector D-1. Agriculture Sector.. D-1. Biodiversity and Habitat Sector .. D-4. Emergency Management Sector .. D-9. Energy Sector.. D-13. Forests Sector .. D-18. Land Use and Community Development Sector.. D-21. Ocean and Coast Sector.. D-26. Parks, Recreation, and California Culture Sector.. D-29. Public Health Sector.. D-32. Transportation Sector.. D-36. Water Sector.
9 D-39. Endnotes E-1. Introduction.. E-1. Phase 1: Define, Explore, and Initiate.. E-3. Phase 2: Assess Vulnerability.. E-5. Phase 3: Define Adaptation Framework and Strategies.. E-6. Phase 4: Implement, Monitor, Evaluate, and Adjust .. E-7. Definitions .. E-9. Appendix A.. E-13. Appendix B.. E-16. Appendix C.. E-16. Appendix D.. E-16. June 2020 vii List of Tables Table 1. What Is the California Adaptation Planning Guide .. 4. Table 2. Qualitative Description of Historical and Expected Climate Effects in California .. 23. Table 3. Types of Equity in Adaptation Planning .. 29. Table 4. Estimated Time Frame for All Phases of the APG.. 46. Table 5. Example Lists of Climate-Related Effects and Hazards by Source .. 58. Table 6. Examples of Lists of Climate Hazards in Climate Adaptation Efforts.
10 59. Table 7. IAP2 Public Participation Spectrum.. 76. Table 8. Excerpt of Wildfire History from San Diego County's LHMP.. 83. Table 9. Excerpt of Historic Wildfire Impacts from San Diego County's LHMP .. 90. Table 10. Potential Impact and Adaptive Capacity Scoring Rubric.. 100. Table 11. Example Table of Descriptions and Vulnerability Scores .. 101. Table 12. Questions to Ensure Equity in Adaptation Process .. 132. Table 13. Example of Beach Erosion Adaptation Options .. 152. Table D-1. Examples of Local Climate Adaptation Strategies by Sector .. D-1. viii California Adaptation Planning Guide List of Figures Figure 1. Adaptation Planning Process .. 2. Figure 2. State and Federal Resources Related to the APG.. 3. Figure 3. Illustration of the Roles of GHG Emissions Reduction and Climate Adaptation in Combating the Sources and Effects of Climate Change.