1 400w SERIES . INSTALLATION MANUAL . GPS 400w , GNC TM 420W/420AW, and GNS TM 430W/430AW. GNC and GNS are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries and may not be used without the express permission of Garmin . Garmin International, Inc. 190-00356-02 March 2008 Rev. E. 400w SERIES INSTALLATION MANUAL 190-00356-02 Rev. E. Copyright 2006-2008. Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries All Rights Reserved Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this MANUAL may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express prior written consent of Garmin . Garmin hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this MANUAL and of any revision to this MANUAL onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed and to print one copy of this MANUAL or of any revision hereto, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this MANUAL or revision must contain the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this MANUAL or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
2 Garmin International, Inc. 1200 E. 151st Street Olathe, KS 66062 USA. Telephone: 913-397-8200. Aviation Panel-Mount Technical Support Line (Toll Free): 1-888-606-5482. Web Site Address: Garmin (Europe) Ltd. Liberty House Bull Copse Road Hounsdown Business Park Southampton, SO40 9RB, UK. Telephone: 44 (0) 8708501243. RECORD OF REVISIONS. Revision Revision Description Date A 11/2/06 Production Release B 11/28/06 Added GA 35 antenna information and corrected wire gauge for main connector power. C 4/5/07 Incorporated customer feedback. D 10/1/07 Incorporated main software version and GPS/WAAS. software version Added GA 36, GA 37 and several other non- Garmin antennas. Changed GPS antenna cable loss requirements. Added interface interconnects to equipment, including several autopilots, Century AK 1081 GPSS converter, ACK Technologies altitude encoder and Avidyne PFD/MFD.
3 Added GPS vertical guidance display for EFIS 40/50. Added COM remote discrete. E 3/25/08 Incorporated main software version changes. Added ETSO. authorizations, ETSO deviations, and FCC ID information. Added interface interconnects to Cessna IFCS and Bendix M4. autopilots, and Collins DME 42. Clarified requirements for approving interfaces to autopilot, audio panel, air data computers and altitude encoders/serializers. 400w SERIES INSTALLATION MANUAL Page A. 190-00356-02 Rev. E. DOCUMENT PAGINATION. Section Pagination Table of Contents i viii Section 1 1-1 through 1-18. Section 2 2-1 through 2-14. Section 3 3-1 through 3-14. Section 4 4-1 through 4-22. Section 5 5-1 through 5-42. Section 6 6-1 through 6-4. Section 7 7-1 through 7-4. Section 8 8-1 through 8-2. Appendix A A-1 through A-2. Appendix B B-1 through B-2. Appendix C C-1 through C-2. Appendix D D-1 through D-4.
4 Appendix E E-1 through E-6. Appendix F F-1 through F-8. Appendix G G-1 through G-8. Appendix H H-1 through H-56. Page B 400w SERIES INSTALLATION MANUAL Rev. E 190-00356-02. This MANUAL reflects the operation of main software version Some differences in operation may be observed when comparing the information in this MANUAL to other software versions. INFORMATION SUBJECT TO EXPORT CONTROL LAWS. This document may contain information which is subject to the Export Administration Regulations ("EAR") issued by the United States Department of Commerce (15 CFR, Chapter VII, Subchapter C) and which may not be exported, released, or disclosed to foreign nationals inside or outside of the United States without first obtaining an export license. A violation of the EAR may be subject to a penalty of up to 10 years imprisonment and a fine of up to $1,000,000 under Section 2410 of the Export Administration Act of 1979.
5 Include this notice with any reproduced portion of this document. WARNING. This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive harm. This Notice is being provided in accordance with California's Proposition 65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, please refer to our web site at Perchlorate Material special handling may apply, see Lamp(s) inside this product contains mercury and must be recycled or disposed of Hg according to local, state, or federal laws. For more information go to: 400w SERIES INSTALLATION MANUAL Page i 190-00356-02 Rev. E. TABLE OF CONTENTS. PARAGRAPH PAGE. 1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION ..1-1. Introduction ..1-1. Scope ..1-2. Equipment Description ..1-2. Technical Specifications ..1-3. License Requirements ..1-11.
6 Regulatory Database Options and Updates ..1-17. Fault Detection and Exclusion (FDE)..1-17. Limited 2. INSTALLATION Introduction ..2-1. Minimum System External Antenna Considerations ..2-3. Mounting Cabling and Wiring Air Circulation and Compass Safe Distance ..2-11. 3. INSTALLATION PROCEDURES ..3-1. Unit and Optional Database Options ..3-3. Miscellaneous Optional Reference INSTALLATION Materials Required but Not Provided ..3-4. Special Tools Required ..3-5. Cable INSTALLATION ..3-6. Equipment Mounting ..3-8. Antenna INSTALLATION and Weight and Balance ..3-10. Electrical Load Analysis ..3-11. AFMS Completion Based on Autopilot 4. SYSTEM INTERCONNECTS ..4-1. Pin Function Power, Lighting, and Altitude Gray Code ..4-6. Main Page ii 400w SERIES INSTALLATION MANUAL Rev. E 190-00356-02. Serial COM/VOR/ILS Audio (GNC 420W and GNS 430W only)..4-16. VOR/ILS Indicator (GNS 430W Only).
7 4-18. RMI/OBI ..4-20. DME Tuning (GNS 430W Only) ..4-21. 5. POST INSTALLATION CONFIGURATION & CHECKOUT Mounting and Wiring Connector Engagement Check ..5-1. Configuration Mode Operations ..5-1. Ground Checks (Configuration Mode) ..5-24. Ground Checks (Normal Mode)..5-27. Flight Checks ..5-37. Database Airplane Flight MANUAL Supplement Checks ..5-39. 6. TROUBLESHOOTING ..6-1. Troubleshooting Procedure ..6-1. Contacting the Factory for Assistance ..6-3. 7. LIMITATIONS ..7-1. Operations ..7-1. Rotorcraft INSTALLATION ..7-3. Aircraft Radio Station 8. PERIODIC MAINTENANCE ..8-1. Equipment Calibration ..8-1. VOR Cleaning ..8-1. Battery Replacement ..8-1. STC Information ..B-1. STC Continued Airworthiness Instructions ..B-1. STC Approved Model Electrical Interface ..D-1. General Output Format ..D-1. Output Sentence Type Output Sentence Type Electrical Interface.
8 E-1. Shadin Altitude Sentence .. E-1. Icarus Altitude Sentence .. E-1. Shadin Fuel Flow E-2. ARNAV / EI Fuel Flow E-2. Shadin Fuel/Air Data Computer Sentence .. E-3. Drawing F-1. 400w SERIES INSTALLATION MANUAL Page iii 190-00356-02 Rev. E. Audio Panels ..G-1. Air Data Altitude Serializer or Fuel/Air Encoding Altimeter or Blind Encoder (Gray Code) ..G-4. EFIS IRU/AHRS ..G-5. NAV Weather, Traffic and Terrain ..G-5. CDI/HSI Source Selection Multifunction Displays ..G-7. Introduction ..H-1. Drawing Page iv 400w SERIES INSTALLATION MANUAL Rev. E 190-00356-02. LIST OF FIGURES. Figure 2-1. GPS Antenna INSTALLATION Considerations ..2-5. Figure 2-2. Source Selection Annunciation Field of Figure 2-3. GPS Navigation Annunciation Field of Figure 3-1. Coaxial Cable INSTALLATION ..3-6. Figure 5-1. MAIN ARINC 429 CONFIG Figure 5-2. MAIN RS-232 CONFIG Figure 5-3.
9 MAIN SYSTEM CONFIG Page ..5-7. Figure 5-4. MAIN SYSTEM CONFIG Page ..5-7. Figure 5-5. MAIN SYSTEM CONFIG Page ..5-8. Figure 5-6. MAIN INPUTS 1 Figure 5-7. MAIN INPUTS 2 Figure 5-8. INSTRUMENT PANEL SELF-TEST Figure 5-9. MAIN LIGHTING Figure 5-10. MAIN LIGHTING Figure 5-11. DATE/TIME SETUP Figure 5-12. MAIN DISCRETE INPUTS Figure 5-13. MAIN DISCRETE OUTPUTS Figure 5-14. MAIN CDI/OBS CONFIG Page ..5-13. Figure 5-15. COM SETUP Page ..5-15. Figure 5-16. VOR DISCRETE INPUTS Page ..5-16. Figure 5-17. VOR/LOC/GS CDI Figure 5-18. VOR/LOC/GS ARINC 429 CONFIG Figure 5-19. Measurement of GPS Vertical Figure 5-20. GPS Vertical Offset Page ..5-19. Figure 5-21. STORMSCOPE CONFIG Page ..5-20. Figure 5-22. STORMSCOPE TEST Figure 5-23. STORMSCOPE DOWNLOAD DATA Figure 5-24. TRAFFIC Page (SkyWatch)..5-21. Figure 5-25. TRAFFIC Page (TCAD) ..5-21. Figure 5-26. RYAN TCAD CONFIG Page.
10 5-22. Figure 5-27. GAD 42 CONFIG Page ..5-22. Figure 5-28. GDL CONFIG Page ..5-22. Figure 5-29. Data Link Diagnostics ..5-23. Figure F-1. 400w SERIES Mounting Rack Dimensions .. F-3. Figure F-2. GNS 430W Mounting Rack INSTALLATION .. F-4. Figure F-3. GNC 420W Mounting Rack F-5. Figure F-4. GPS 400w Mounting Rack F-6. Figure F-5. 400w SERIES Recommended Panel Cutout Dimensions .. F-7. Figure H-1. 400w SERIES System Interface Figure H-2. GNS 430W Typical INSTALLATION ..H-4. Figure H-3. GNC 420W Typical Figure H-4. GPS 400w Typical Figure H-5. Power, Lighting, and Antenna Interconnect ..H-10. Figure H-6. Gray Code Altimeter Interconnect ..H-13. Figure H-7. Main Indicator Interconnect ..H-14. Figure H-8. KI 209A Main Indicator Interconnect ..H-15. Figure H-9. KI 208A Main Indicator Interconnect ..H-16. Figure H-10. RS-232 Serial Data Interconnect.