1 Fifth Edition European Automobile WORLDWIDE . Manufacturers Association Avenue des Nerviens 85. B-1040 Brussels, Belgium Tel: +32 2 732 55 50. Fax: +32 2 738 73 10. FUEL CHARTER SEPTEMBER 2013. Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers 803 7th Street, , Suite 300. Washington , 20001. Tel: +1 (202) 326-5500. Fax: +1 (202) 326-5567. Truck and Engine Manufacturers Association 333 West Wacker Drive, Suite 810. Chicago, IL 60606. Tel: +1 (312) 929-1970. Fax: +1 (312) 929-1975. Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association Jidosha Kaikan 1-30, Shiba Daimon 1-Chome Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0012 Japan Tel: +81-3-5405-6125. Fax: +81-3-5405-6136. For copies, please contact ACEA, Alliance, EMA or JAMA or visit their websites. The WORLDWIDE Fuel CHARTER provides fuel quality recommendations published by the members of the WORLDWIDE Fuel CHARTER Com- mittee as a service to WORLDWIDE legislators, fuel users and producers. It contains information from sources believed to be reliable; howe- ver, the Committee makes no warranty, guarantee, or other representation, express or implied, with respect to the CHARTER 's sufficiency or fitness for any particular CHARTER imposes no obligation on any users or producers of fuel, and it does not prohibit use of any engine or vehicle technology or design, fuel, or fuel quality specification.
2 It is not intended to, and does not, replace engine and vehicle manufacturers' fuelling recommendations. European Automobile Alliance of Automobile Truck and Engine Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association Manufacturers Manufacturers Association Manufacturers Association September 2013. Subject: WORLDWIDE Fuels Harmonisation Dear WORLDWIDE Fuel CHARTER Recipient: On behalf of vehicle and engine manufacturers from around the world, the WORLDWIDE Fuel CHARTER Committee is pleased to present the Fifth Edition of the WORLDWIDE Fuel CHARTER . The CHARTER was first established in 1998 to increase understanding of the fuel quality needs of motor vehicle and engine technologies and to promote fuel quality harmonisation WORLDWIDE in accordance with those needs. Importantly, the CHARTER matches fuel specifications to the vehicle and engine specifications required to meet various customer needs around the world. The Fifth Edition introduces Category 5 for markets with highly advanced requirements for emission control and fuel efficiency.
3 As many countries take steps to require vehicles and engines to meet strict fuel economy standards in addition to stringent emission standards, Category 5, which raises the minimum research octane number (RON) to 95, will enable some gasoline technologies that can help increase vehicle and engine efficiency. For diesel fuel, this category establishes a high quality hydrocarbon-only specification that takes advantage of the characteristics of certain advanced biofuels, including hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO). and Biomass-to-Liquid (BTL), provided all other specifications are respected and the resulting blend meets defined legislated limits. Other changes from the previous Edition include a new test method for trace metals and an updated gasoline volatility table. Significant changes relate to biodiesel: the CHARTER now allows up to 5% biodiesel by volume in Category 4 diesel fuel, has new diesel fuel oxidation stability limits and includes an alternative oxidation stability test method with correlations to other methods.
4 The CHARTER also now references the E100 and B100 Guidelines published by the WWFC Committee in 2009. As countries move toward more stringent vehicle and engine requirements, fuel quality's role in preserving the functionality of vehicles and engines continues to grow. Sulphur-free and metal-free fuels remain critical prerequisites for ultraclean, efficient and durable emission control systems. The most advanced vehicles and engines require the best fuel quality as represented in Category 5 to meet their design potential. We appreciate the many comments submitted on this new Edition of the CHARTER ; they have helped make it a better document. We look forward to working with you to support harmonised specifications for the continued benefit of society. Ivan Hodac Mitch Bainwol Jed R. Mandel Yoshiyasu Nao Secretary General President & CEO President President ACEA Alliance EMA JAMA. WORLDWIDE fuel CHARTER 5th Edition _ i _ September 2013.
5 T E CH N. MEMB E IC. R LAIST. L BAC KG RO UND FO R H A R M ONIS E D FU EL RECOMMEN DAT ION S. ACEA member companies BMW Group, DAF Trucks NV, Daimler AG, FIAT SpA, Ford of Europe, General Motors Europe, Hyundai Motor Europe, IVECO SpA, Jaguar Land Rover, PSA Peugeot Citro n, Renault SA, Toyota Motor Europe,Volkswagen Group,Volvo Car Corporation,Volvo Group. Alliance member companies BMW Group, Chrysler Group, Ford Motor Company, General Motors Company, Jaguar Land Rover, Mazda North America, Mercedes-Benz USA, Mitsubishi Motors, Porsche Cars North America, Toyota Motor North America, Inc.,Volkswagen Group of America,Volvo Cars of North America. EMA member companies AGCO Corporation, American Honda Motor Co., Inc., Briggs & Stratton Corporation, Caterpillar Inc., Chrysler Group LLC, Cummins Inc., Daimler Trucks North America LLC, Deere & Company, Deutz Corporation, Fiat Powertrain Technologies , Ford Motor Company, General Motors Company, GE Energy Waukesha Gas Engines, Hino Motors, Ltd.
6 , Isuzu Manufacturing Services of America, Inc., Kohler Company, Komatsu Ltd., Kubota Engine America Corporation, Navistar, Inc., Onan Cummins Power Generation, PACCAR Inc., Scania CV AB, Tognum America, Inc.,Volkswagen of America, Inc.,Volvo Group North America, W rtsil North America, Inc.,Yamaha Motor Corporation,Yanmar America Corporation. JAMA member companies Daihatsu Motor Co. Ltd., Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd., Hino Motors Ltd., Honda Motor Co. Ltd., Isuzu Motors Limited, Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd., Mazda Motor Corporation, Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation, Nissan Diesel Motor Co. Ltd., Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Suzuki Motor Corporation, Toyota Motor Corporation, UD Trucks Corporation,Yamaha Motor Co. Ltd. Associate members Asociaci n de F bricas de Automotores de Argentina (ADEFA). Associacion Mexicana de la Industria Automotriz, (AMIA). Brazilian Association of motor vehicle and motorised agricultural machinery manufacturers (ANFAVEA).
7 Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers' Association (CVMA). Chamber of Automotive Manufacturers of the Philippines, Inc. (CAMPI). China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM). Global Automakers Global Automakers of Canada (GAC). Indonesia Automotive Federation (IAF). Korean Automobile Manufacturers Association (KAMA). National Association of Automobile Manufacturers of South Africa (NAAMSA). Malaysian Automotive Association (MAA). Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM). Thai Automotive Industry Association (TAIA). Vietnam Automobile Manufacturers Association (VAMA). Supporting organisations: Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles (OICA). WORLDWIDE fuel CHARTER 5th Edition _ ii _ September 2013. T E CH. CON TN IC A L BAC KG RO UND FO R H A R M ONIS E D FU EL RECOMMEN DAT ION S. E NTS. MEMBER LIST ii ACRONYM LIST iv INTRODUCTION 1. CATEGORY 1 Unleaded Gasoline 3. CATEGORY 2 Unleaded Gasoline 4.
8 CATEGORY 3 Unleaded Gasoline 5. CATEGORY 4 Unleaded Gasoline 6. CATEGORY 5 Unleaded Gasoline 7. VOLATILITY CLASSES Unleaded Gasoline 8. VAPOUR/LIQUID RATIO Unleaded Gasoline 8. TEST METHODS Gasoline 9. CATEGORY 1 Diesel Fuel 10. CATEGORY 2 Diesel Fuel 11. CATEGORY 3 Diesel Fuel 12. CATEGORY 4 Diesel Fuel 13. CATEGORY 5 Diesel Fuel 14. TEST METHODS Diesel Fuel 15. TECHNICAL BACKGROUND Gasoline 16. TECHNICAL BACKGROUND Diesel Fuel 40. DATA SOURCES 60. WORLDWIDE fuel CHARTER 5th Edition _ iii _ September 2013. AC R ONYM L IST. AAMA American Automobile Manufacturers FAME Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Association, the trade association for FBP Final Boiling Point Chrysler, Ford and GM from 1992 until 1998. FTP (US) Federal Test Procedure ACEA Association des Constructeurs Europ ens FLTM Ford Laboratory Test Method d'Automobiles (European automobile GHG Greenhouse Gas manufacturers association) GTL Liquid fuel typically made from methane gas AIAM Association of International Automobil using a gas-to-liquid/Fischer-Tropsch-type Manufacturers, the former name of Global process Automakers HC Hydrocarbons Alliance Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers HFRR High Frequency Reciprocating Rig AMA Accelerated Mileage Accumulation HVO Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil AQIRP Air Quality Improvement Research Programme IDID Internal Diesel Injector Deposits (part of the US Auto Oil programme, 1989-1992) ICP-AES Inductively Coupled Plasma - Atomic Emission ASTM ASTM International (formerly American Spectrometry Society for Testing and Materials)
9 IP Energy Institute (formerly Institute of Biofuel Liquid transport fuel produced from biomass Petroleum). Biomass Biodegradable fraction of products, waste and ISO International Organisation for Standardization residues from biological origin IVD Intake Valve Deposits BTL Liquid fuel made from biomass ( Biomass to JAMA Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association Liquid') JARI Japan Automobile Research Institute CCD Combustion Chamber Deposits JIS Japanese Industrial Standards CDPF Catalysed Diesel Particulate Filter LEV Low Emission Vehicle CEC Coordinating European Council for the LTFT Low Temperature Flow Test Development of Performance Tests for Trans- MECA Manufacturers of Emission Controls Association portation Fuels, Lubricants and Other Fluids METI Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (Japan). CFPP Cold Filter Plugging Point MMT Methylcyclopentadienyl Manganese Tricarbonyl CI Cetane Index MtBE Methyl tertiary Butyl Ether CN Cetane Number MON Motor Octane Number CO Carbon Monoxide NF M Norme Fran aise - Industrie du P trole CO2 Carbon Dioxide (French Norm - Petroleum Industry).
10 CP Cloud Point NF T Norme Fran aise - Industrie Chimique CRC Coordinating Research Council (US) (French Norm - Chemical Industry). CR-DPF Continuously Regenerating Diesel Particulate NOx Oxides of Nitrogen Filter OBD On-Board Diagnostics DECSE Diesel Emission Control Sulfur Effects, OFP Ozone Forming Potential research program of the US Department of Oxy Oxygen Energy PAH Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons DEF Diesel Exhaust Fluid (for SCR systems) pHe Acidity of ethanol DI Distillation Index PM Particulate Matter DIN Deutsches Institut f r Normung (German ppm Parts per million Institute of Standardisation) PZEV Partial Zero Emission Vehicle DPF Diesel Particulate Filter RON Research Octane Number DVPE Dry Vapour Pressure Equivalence SCR Selective Catalytic Reduction EMA Truck and Engine Manufacturers Association SULEV Super-Ultra-Low Emission Vehicle EN European Norm TAN Total Acid Number EPA Environmental Protection Agency (US)