1 1 MSPS, 12-Bit Impedance Converter, Network Analyzer Data Sheet AD5933. FEATURES GENERAL DESCRIPTION. Programmable output peak-to-peak excitation voltage The AD5933 is a high precision Impedance converter system to a maximum frequency of 100 kHz solution that combines an on-board frequency generator with Programmable frequency sweep capability with a 12-Bit , 1 MSPS, analog -to-digital converter (ADC). The serial I2C interface frequency generator allows an external complex Impedance to Frequency resolution of 27 bits (< Hz) be excited with a known frequency.
2 The response signal from Impedance measurement range from 1 k to 10 M the Impedance is sampled by the on-board ADC and a discrete Capable of measuring of 100 to 1 k with additional Fourier transform (DFT) is processed by an on-board DSP. circuitry engine. The DFT algorithm returns a real (R) and imaginary (I). Internal temperature sensor ( 2 C) data-word at each output frequency. Internal system clock option Phase measurement capability Once calibrated, the magnitude of the Impedance and relative System accuracy of phase of the Impedance at each frequency point along the sweep V to V power supply operation is easily calculated.
3 This is done off chip using the real and Temperature range: 40 C to +125 C imaginary register contents, which can be read from the serial 16-lead SSOP package I2C interface. Qualified for automotive applications A similar device, also available from analog devices , Inc., is the AD5934, a V to V, 250 kSPS, 12-Bit Impedance converter, APPLICATIONS. with an internal temperature sensor and is packaged in a 16- Electrochemical analysis lead SSOP. Bioelectrical Impedance analysis Impedance spectroscopy Complex Impedance measurement Corrosion monitoring and protection equipment Biomedical and automotive sensors Proximity sensing Nondestructive testing Material property analysis Fuel/battery cell condition monitoring FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM.
4 MCLK AVDD DVDD. DDS. CORE DAC. OSCILLATOR (27 BITS). ROUT VOUT. SCL I2C TEMPERATURE. INTERFACE SENSOR Z( ). SDA. AD5933. REAL IMAGINARY RFB. REGISTER REGISTER. 1024-POINT DFT. VIN. ADC GAIN. (12 BITS). LPF. 05324-001. VDD/2. AGND DGND. Figure 1. Rev. F Document Feedback Information furnished by analog devices is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by analog devices for its use, nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties that may result from its use.
5 Specifications subject to change without notice. No One Technology Way, Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of analog devices . Tel: 2005 2017 analog devices , Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Technical Support AD5933 Data Sheet TABLE OF CONTENTS. Features .. 1 Register Map .. 23. Applications .. 1 Control Register (Register Address 0x80, Register Address General Description.)
6 1 0x81).. 23. Functional Block Diagram .. 1 Start Frequency Register (Register Address 0x82, Register Address 0x83, Register Address 0x84) .. 24. Revision History .. 3. Frequency Increment Register (Register Address 0x85, 4 Register Address 0x86, Register Address 0x87) .. 25. I2C Serial Interface Timing Characteristics .. 6 Number of Increments Register (Register Address 0x88, Absolute Maximum Ratings .. 7 Register Address 0x89) .. 25. ESD Caution .. 7 Number of Settling Time Cycles Register (Register Address Pin Configuration and Descriptions.
7 8 0x8A, Register Address 0x8B) .. 25. Typical Performance Characteristics .. 9 Status Register (Register Address 0x8F) .. 26. Terminology .. 12 Temperature Data Register (16 Bits Register Address 0x92, Register Address 0x93) .. 26. System Description .. 13. Real and Imaginary Data Registers (16 Bits Register Transmit Stage .. 14 Address 0x94, Register Address 0x95, Register Address 0x96, Frequency Sweep Command Sequence .. 15 Register Address 0x97) .. 26. Receive Stage .. 15 Serial Bus Interface .. 27. DFT Operation.
8 15 General I2C Timing .. 27. System Clock .. 16 Writing/Reading to the AD5933 .. 28. Temperature Sensor .. 16 Block Write .. 28. Temperature Conversion 16 Read Operations .. 29. Temperature Value Register .. 16 Typical Applications .. 30. Temperature Conversion Formula .. 16 Measuring Small Impedances .. 30. Impedance Calculation .. 17 Biomedical: Noninvasive Blood Impedance Measurement .. 32. Magnitude Calculation .. 17 Sensor/Complex Impedance 32. Gain Factor Calculation .. 17 Electro- Impedance 33. Impedance Calculation Using Gain Factor.
9 17 Layout and Configuration .. 34. Gain Factor Variation with Frequency .. 17 Power Supply Bypassing and Grounding .. 34. Two-Point Calibration .. 18 Evaluation Board .. 35. Two-Point Gain Factor Calculation .. 18 Using the Evaluation Board .. 35. Gain Factor Setup Configuration .. 18 Prototyping Area .. 35. Gain Factor Recalculation .. 18 Crystal Oscillator (XO) vs. External Clock .. 35. Gain Factor Temperature Variation .. 19 Schematics .. 36. Impedance 19 Outline Dimensions .. 40. Measuring the Phase Across an Impedance .
10 19 Ordering Guide .. 40. Performing a Frequency Sweep .. 22 Automotive Products .. 40. Rev. F | Page 2 of 40. Data Sheet AD5933. REVISION HISTORY. 4/2017 Rev E to Rev F 8/2010 Rev. B to Rev. C. Changes to Table 4 .. 8 Changes to Impedance Error Section .. 19. Changes to Table 12 ..25 Changes to Figure 45 .. 38. Changes to U4 Description in Table 19 .. 42. 5/2013 Rev. D to Rev. E. Added Automotive Information (Throughout) .. 1 2/2010 Rev. A to Rev. B. Changed Sampling Rate from 250 kSPS to 1 MSPS .. 5 Changes to General Description.